/red"ee mayd"/, adj.1. made in advance for sale to any purchaser, rather than to order: a ready-made coat.2. made for immediate use.3. unoriginal; conventional.n.4. readymade.5. something that is ready-made, as a garment or a piece of furniture or equipment.[1400-50; late ME]
* * *Everyday object selected and designated as art.The name was coined by Marcel Duchamp, whose first ready-mades included a snow shovel that he picked up on a snowy day in New York, and a wheel mounted on a stool (1913). They represented a protest against the excessive importance attached to works of art. Duchamp's anti-aesthetic gestures made him one of the leading Dadaists of his day, and his ready-made concept, though widely regarded for decades as an insult to art, was adapted by such later artists as Robert Rauschenberg, Andy Warhol, and Jasper Johns.
* * *▪ arteveryday object selected and designated as art; the name was coined by the French artist Marcel Duchamp (Duchamp, Marcel).Duchamp created the first ready-made, Bicycle Wheel (1913), which consisted of a wheel mounted on a stool, as a protest against the excessive importance attached to works of art. This work was technically a “ready-made assisted,” because the artist intervened by combining two objects. Duchamp subsequently made “pure ready-mades,” each of which consisted of a single item, such as Bottle Rack (1914), and the best-known ready-made, the porcelain urinal entitled Fountain (1917). By selecting mass-produced, commonplace objects, Duchamp attempted to destroy the notion of the uniqueness of the art object. The result was a new, controversial definition of art as an intellectual rather than a material process.Duchamp and his ready-mades were embraced by the artists who formed the nihilistic Dada movement from 1916 to the 1920s; Duchamp became Dada's main proponent in the United States. The ready-made continued to be an influential concept in Western art for much of the 20th century. It provided a major basis for the Pop art movement of the 1950s and '60s, which took as its subject matter commonplace objects from popular culture. The intellectual emphasis of ready-mades also influenced the conceptual art movement that emerged in the 1960s, which considers the artist's idea more important than the final product.
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Ready Made — Cet article fait partie de la série Art contemporain Artistes … Wikipédia en Français
Ready made — Cet article fait partie de la série Art contemporain Artistes … Wikipédia en Français
ready-made — [ redimɛd ] n. m. inv. • 1913; mot angl. « tout fait », de ready « prêt » et made « fait » ♦ Hist. de l art Objet d art fait d une réunion d objets naturels sans aucune élaboration. Les premiers ready made ont été présentés par Marcel Duchamp. «… … Encyclopédie Universelle
ready-made — ˌready ˈmade adjective [only before a noun] 1. already prepared, and ready to be used immediately: • The company produces canned soup and ready made meals. 2. ready made clothes/shoes etc COMMERCE clothes etc that have been manufactured in large … Financial and business terms
ready-made — [red′ē mād′] adj. 1. made so as to be ready for use or sale at once; not made to order [ready made suits] 2. commonplace; stock [ready made opinions] 3. conveniently available and suitable [no ready made solutions to difficult social problems] n … English World dictionary
ready-made — adj [only before noun] 1.) ready made food or goods are already prepared or made, and ready for you to use immediately ▪ a ready made spaghetti sauce 2.) ready made ideas or reasons are provided for you, so that you do not have to think of them… … Dictionary of contemporary English
ready-made — adjective 1. ) already made and therefore ready to be used immediately: Different types of frosting can be purchased ready made. ready made curtains 2. ) already existing or available and not needing to be created or invented for a particular… … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
Ready-made — (реди мэйд, от англ. ready «готовый» и англ. made «сделанный») техника в разных видах искусства (главным образом в изобразительном искусстве и в литературе), при которой автор представляет в качестве своего произведения… … Википедия
Ready-made — Read y made (r[e^]d [y^] m[=a]d ), a. Made already, or beforehand, in anticipation of need; not made to order; as, ready made clothing; ready made jokes. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
ready-made — ► ADJECTIVE 1) made to a standard size or specification rather than to order. 2) easily available: ready made answers … English terms dictionary
ready-made — s. m. 2 núm. [Belas Artes] Obra de arte constituída por um objeto escolhido por um artista, modificada ou não. (O criador do ready made foi Marcel Duchamp.) … Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa