pupa


pupa
pupal, adj.
/pyooh"peuh/, n., pl. pupae /-pee/, pupas.
an insect in the nonfeeding, usually immobile, transformation stage between the larva and the imago. See illus. under metamorphosis.
[1765-70; < NL, special use of L pupa girl, doll, puppet. See PUPIL1, PUPPET]

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Inactive, nonfeeding stage in the life of insects that undergo complete metamorphosis.

In a protective covering (cocoon or chrysalis), the larva is transformed into an adult. During pupation, a process controlled by hormones, larval structures break down and adult structures form; wings appear for the first time. The adult emerges either by splitting the pupal skin and chewing its way out or by secreting a fluid that softens the cocoon.

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plural  pupae  or  pupas 
 life stage in the development of insects (insect) exhibiting complete metamorphosis that occurs between the larval (larva) and adult stages (imago). During pupation, larval structures break down, and adult structures such as wings appear for the first time. The adult emerges by either splitting the pupal skin, chewing its way out, or secreting a fluid that softens the silk cocoon (if present). The process of pupation is controlled by hormones (hormone).

      Some of the most commonly recognized pupal stages are the chrysalis of butterflies (butterfly) and cocoon of moths (moth) (Lepidoptera (lepidopteran)). In this protective covering, the caterpillar is transformed into an adult. Chrysalides and cocoons may be found hanging from twigs or bushes, hidden in rolled leaves, in underground litter, or in burrows. Some insects spend the winter in the pupal stage.

 The pupa can be one of three forms: exarate, with the appendages not attached to the pupal skin; obtect, with the appendages attached to the pupal skin; or coarctate, where the pupa occurs within the shed exoskeleton of the last larval stage.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

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