Pachuca


Pachuca
/pah chooh"kah/, n.
a city in and the capital of Hidalgo, in central Mexico: silver mines. 84,543.

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in full Pachuca de Soto

City (pop., 2000: 231,602), capital of Hidalgo state, central Mexico.

Founded in 1534, it was one of the first settlements in the Viceroyalty of New Spain. It lies in a rich mining area in the Sierra Madre Oriental, roughly 8,000 ft (2,400 m) above sea level. Its silver mines date from the 16th century, when the Mexican process of separating silver from the ore by amalgamation with mercury was perfected there. Industries include smelting works and metallic-ore reduction plants.

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Mexico
in full  Pachuca de Soto 

      city, capital of Hidalgo estado (state), east-central Mexico. It lies about 50 miles (80 km) northeast of Mexico City in a rich mining district in the Sierra Madre Oriental, 7,959 feet (2,426 metres) above sea level. The district was important to the ancient Toltec culture, and silver mines are said to have been worked in the area in pre-Columbian times. The Spanish founded the city—one of the first settlements in New Spain (New Spain, Viceroyalty of)—in 1534 and took over the mines. The Real del Monte mine, begun in 1739 and still in operation, is one of the most extensive mining properties in the world. The patio (patio process), or Mexican, process of separating silver from the ore by amalgamation with mercury was perfected in Pachuca by Bartolomé de Medina (Medina, Bartolomé de) in the 16th century, and the Pachuca tank used in the cyanide process was developed there in the 20th century.

      Light manufacturing and services constitute a growing proportion of the economy, but smelting and metallic-ore reduction are still important. Pachuca has a school of mines and metallurgy (founded 1877) and the Autonomous University of Hidalgo (founded 1869 as the Scientific and Literary Institution; present status, 1961). The ruins of Tula, the Toltec capital, are about 35 miles (55 km) west of Pachuca. Pop. (2000) 231,602.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pachuca — de Soto capital del estado de Hidalgo en México El lugar fue habitado por varios grupos indígenas, y especialmente por los aztecas quienes gobernaron la región desde 1438; hacia 1528 los conquistadores españoles invadieron la población matando a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pachuca — [pä cho͞o′kä] city in EC Mexico: capital of Hidalgo state: pop. 181,000: in full Pachuca de Soto [di sōt′ō] …   English World dictionary

  • Pachūca — Pachūca, Stadt im Staate Mexico; 8000 Fuß über d. M. gelegen; einer der ältesten Bergwerksorte des Staates, der Bergbau hat jetzt jedoch aufgehört; 5000 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pachuca — (spr. tschūka), Hauptstadt des mexikan. Staates Hidalgo, 2550 m ü. M., in einem Gebirgspaß, inmitten des berühmten Bergbaureviers Real del Monte, Bahnknotenpunkt. P. hat einen Regierungspalast, eine Kathedrale, ein literarisches Institut,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pachuca — (spr. tschuhka), Hauptstadt des mexik. Staates Hidalgo, 2600 m ü. d. M., (1900) 37.487 E.; Bergbau auf Silber; Amalgamierwerke …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pachuca C.F. — Infobox football club clubname = Pachuca fullname = Club de Fútbol Pachuca nickname = Tuzos (Gophers) | founded = 1901 ground = Estadio Hidalgo, Pachuca, Hidalgo capacity = 30,000 [ [http://www.fussballtempel.net/concacaf/MEX.html… …   Wikipedia

  • Pachuca — 20.1225 98.7361111111112426Koordinaten: 20° 7′ N, 98° 44′ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • pachuca — /peuh chooh keuh/; Sp. /pah chooh kah/, n., pl. pachucas / keuhz/; Sp. / kahs/. a teenage girl who associates closely with pachucos. [ < AmerSp, fem. of pachuco PACHUCO] * * * in full Pachuca de Soto City (pop., 2000: 231,602), capital of Hidalgo …   Universalium

  • Pachuca — 20°07′12″N 98°44′09″O / 20.12, 98.73583 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pachuca — Sp Pačukà Ap Pachuca Sp Pačùka de Sòtas Ap Pachuca de Soto L Meksikos Hidalgo v jos centras …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė


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