Nuevo León


Nuevo León
/nway"voh lay ohn", nooh ay"-/; Sp. /nwe"vaw le awn"/
a state in NE Mexico. 2,344,000; 25,136 sq. mi. (65,102 sq. km). Cap.: Monterrey.

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State (pop., 2000: 3,834,141), northeastern Mexico.

It covers an area of 25,067 sq mi (64,924 sq km), and its capital is Monterrey. The Sierra Madre Oriental crosses the state from northwest to southeast. The region became a state in 1824 and was occupied by U.S. troops during the Mexican War. Its iron and steel industries were the first heavy industry in Latin America; the state also supports agricultural and textile enterprises.

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 estado (state), northeastern Mexico. It is bounded by the United States ( Texas) to the north and by the states of Tamaulipas to the east and southeast, San Luis Potosí to the south and southwest, and Zacatecas and Coahuila to the west. The state capital is Monterrey.

      Nuevo León is crossed by the southeastward-running Sierra Madre Oriental, which has an average elevation of 5,000 feet (1,500 metres). The extreme north consists of the plain along the Rio Grande (Río Bravo del Norte). The arid and semiarid climate of the northern half of the state supports only cacti and shrubs. Farther south the climate becomes more humid, with forested mountain slopes and subtropical valleys that support a variety of crops.

      Nuevo León has one of the largest state economies in the country. Cotton, citrus fruits, sugarcane, cereals (especially corn [maize] and wheat), and vegetables are grown, in part with the aid of irrigation water provided by the international Falcon (Falcón) Dam and Reservoir project on the Rio Grande. Nuevo León's principal importance lies in its industries. Its ironworks, steelworks, and smelters were the first heavy industrial plants in Mexico. The state also has numerous textile enterprises, a large brewery, and other factories. The wealth and development found in the industrial and financial centre of Monterrey contrast with the relative poverty and underdevelopment elsewhere in the state.

      The region was made a state in 1824. During the Mexican-American War it was occupied by U.S. forces, who were widely reported to have brutalized the population of Monterrey. Nuevo León was also the scene of fighting during the Mexican Revolution.

      State government is headed by a governor, who is elected to a single six-year term. Members of the legislature (a unicameral House of Deputies) are elected to terms of three years. The state is divided into several local governmental units called municipios (municipalities), each of which may include a city or town and its hinterland or, alternatively, a group of villages.

      Monterrey has an international airport. It is also situated on a major highway and railroad link between Laredo, Texas, and the port of Tampico, Tamaulipas, on the Gulf of Mexico (Mexico, Gulf of). Notable educational institutions include the Autonomous University of Nuevo León, which was founded as a law school in 1824 and now has a main campus in San Nicolás de los Garza, a suburb of Monterrey, and several additional campuses around the state. Area 25,067 square miles (64,924 square km). Pop. (2000) 3,834,141; (2005) 4,199,292.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nuevo León — Estado Libre y Soberano de Nuevo León   State   …   Wikipedia

  • Nuevo Leon — Nuevo León Estado Libre y Soberano de Nuevo León (État libre et souverain du Nuevo León) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nuevo León — Estado Libre y Soberano de Nuevo León État libre et souverain du Nuevo León …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nuevo Leon — Nuevo León Karte Mexikos Nuevo León hervorgehoben Hauptstadt Monterrey Weitere große Städte Guadalupe, San Nicolás de los Garza …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nuevo León — Nuevo León …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nuevo León — er en stat i det nordlige Mexico. Mod nord og øst deler den grænse med den mexicanske stat Tamaulipas, mod syd San Luis Potosi og mod vest Coahuila. Mod nord deler Nuevo Leon en kort grænse med Texas i USA. Hovedstaden hedder Monterrey. ISO 3166… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Nuēvo Leōn — Nuēvo Leōn, mexikan. Staat, zwischen Coahuila, San Luis Potosi und Tamaulipas, 62,343 qkm mit (1900) 326,940 Einw.: Weiße, Indianer, Mestizen, die etwas Landbau (meist Agave), noch mehr aber Viehzucht und Bergbau (Silber, Blei, Kohlen und Eisen)… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nuevo León — Nuēvo León (Neuleon), mexik. Staat am nordöstl. Abfall des Hochlandes 61.343 qkm, (1900) 327.987 E.; Hauptstadt Monterey …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nuevo León — [nwā′vō̂ lā ō̂n′] state of NE Mexico: 24,925 sq mi (64,556 sq km); pop. 3,099,000; cap. Monterrey …   English World dictionary

  • Nuevo León — Estado Libre y Soberano de Nuevo León Estado de México …   Wikipedia Español


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