Newar


Newar
/ni wahr"/, n., pl. Newars, (esp. collectively) Newar.
a member of a Mongoloid people of Nepal.

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People living in the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal.

They make up about half the population of the valley. Most are Hindu, but some practice an Indian form of Buddhism. The Newar have a wide range of occupations; they have traditionally been noted as architects and artisans, the builders of the famous temples and shrines of Kathmandu. Painting and sculpture flourished among them in the 10th–16th centuries. The Newar population of Nepal is estimated to be about 540,000.

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people
      people who comprise about half the population of the Kāthmāndu Valley in Nepal. They speak a language belonging to the Tibeto-Burman family, but their culture has been strongly influenced by Indian religious and social institutions. The Newar population of Nepal was estimated to be about 1,250,000 in the early 21st century.

      Most of the Newar are Hindus, but some practice an Indian form of Buddhism. There are about 70 castes (caste), Buddhist as well as Hindu, covering approximately the same spectrum as the caste system of India.

      The Newar have a wide range of occupations. Many are farmers; others are prominent in the retail trades; and some occupy high political and administrative posts. They have traditionally been noted as architects and artisans, the builders of the famous temples and shrines of Kāthmāndu. From the 10th to the 16th century painting and sculpture flourished among the Newar, along with crafts such as pottery making, paper production, wood carving, and metallurgy. Each of the crafts has traditionally been the specialty of a particular caste.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • NEWAR — Ethnie mongoloïde de la vallée de K tm ndu (Népal), qui vécut longtemps isolée et autonome avant l’arrivée des populations de langue aryenne actuellement dominantes, les Newar parlent une langue tibéto birmane, vivent surtout dans les villes et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Newar — Les Newars (Nepal Bhasa:नेवाः Newa or Newah, Nepal Bhasa ancien : नेवार Newar, नेवाल Newal) sont les premiers habitants de la vallée de Katmandou au Népal. Ils parlent le Newari, également appelé Nepal Bhasa, une langue tonale asiatique du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Newar — Newar,   mongolides, sprachlich den Tibetern sehr nahe stehendes Volk in Nepal. Die Newar begründeten im Tal von Katmandu die hohe Kultur des Landes (Nepal), wurden aber 1769 von den Gurkha unterworfen und unterdrückt. Seitdem verliert ihre… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Newar — Newar, ein zu den Himalajavölkern gehörender Stamm in Nepal, die Urbewohner des Tals von Kathmandu, gute Ackerbauer, rührige Handelsleute und in den Gewerben weiter als die übrigen Bergvölker, aber wegen ihres zähen Widerstandes gegen die… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Newar — Nēwār, tibet. Volksstamm, Urbevölkerung im Königr. Nepal, Handwerker, meist Buddhisten. Das Nēwārī zur Schriftsprache ausgebildet …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Newar — Sajani Shakya, Kumari von Bhaktapur Newar (नेवार) ist eine Ethnie in Nepal, die hauptsächlich im Kathmandutal angesiedelt ist. Ursprünglich stellte sie das Personal für diverse Dienste bei wichtigen religiösen Festen der Hauptstadt. Die Newar… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • newar — Pueblo que habita el valle de Katmandú en Nepal. Constituye cerca de la mitad de la población del valle. En su mayoría son hindúes, pero algunos practican una forma india de budismo. Los newar desempeñan una amplia gama de ocupaciones;… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • newar — ne·war …   English syllables

  • newar — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Newar Buddhism — Part of a series on Buddhism Outline · Portal History Timeline · Councils …   Wikipedia


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