jaeger


jaeger
/yay"geuhr/; for 1 also /jay"geuhr/, n.
1. any of several rapacious seabirds of the family Stercorariidae that pursue weaker birds to make them drop their prey.
2. a hunter.
3. a member of any of several groups of sharpshooters in the German or Austrian army.
Also, jager, jäger, yager (for defs. 2, 3).
[1770-80; < G Jäger hunter, equiv. to jag(en) to hunt + -er -ER1]

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Any of three species (genus Stercorarius, family Stercorariidae) of seabirds.

They resemble dark gulls with a forward-set black cap and projecting central tail feathers. Jaegers have two colour phases: all brown or (more commonly) brown above and white below. They nest in the Arctic tundra and then go to sea, many as far as Australia and New Zealand. At sea they catch fish on their own, but, while nesting along coasts, they force terns and kittiwakes to disgorge their food, destroy the eggs and young of other seabirds, and capture land birds and rodents. The species range from 14 to 20 in. (35 to 50 cm) long. In Great Britain, jaegers are called skuas.

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bird
      (German and Dutch: “hunter”), any of three species of seabirds belonging to the genus Stercorarius of the family Stercorariidae. They are rapacious birds resembling a dark gull with a forward-set black cap and projecting central tail feathers. Jaegers are called skuas (skua) in Britain, along with the great skua, a larger bird (see skua). Jaegers have two colour phases: all-brown or, more commonly, brown above and white below.

      Jaegers nest in Arctic tundra and then go to sea, many as far as Australia and New Zealand. At sea they catch fish on their own; but, while nesting along coasts, they force terns (tern) and kittiwakes (kittiwake) to disgorge their food, destroy the eggs and young of other seabirds, and capture land birds and rodents.

      The largest species is the pomarine jaeger, or pomatorhine skua (Stercorarius pomarinus), 50 cm (20 inches) long. Smallest is the long-tailed jaeger (S. longicaudus), 35 cm (14 inches) long. Intermediate in body size is the parasitic jaeger (S. parasiticus).

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Universalium. 2010.

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