chop
chop1
/chop/, v., chopped, chopping, n.
v.t.
1. to cut or sever with a quick, heavy blow or a series of blows, using an ax, hatchet, etc. (often fol. by down, off, etc.): to chop down a tree.
2. to make or prepare for use by so cutting: to chop logs.
3. to cut in pieces; mince (often fol. by up): to chop up an onion; to chop meat.
4. (in tennis, cricket, etc.) to hit (a ball) with a chop stroke.
5. to weed and thin out (growing cotton) with a hoe.
6. Fox Hunting. (of a hound or pack) to attack and kill (a fox that has not begun to run).
v.i.
7. to make a quick, heavy stroke or a series of strokes, as with an ax.
8. Boxing. to throw or deliver a short blow, esp. a downward one while in a clinch.
9. (in tennis, cricket, etc.) to employ or deliver a chop stroke.
10. to go, come, or move suddenly or violently.
11. chop or cut down to size. See cut (def. 49).
n.
12. an act or instance of chopping.
13. a cutting blow.
14. Boxing. a short blow, esp. a downward one, executed while in a clinch.
15. a piece chopped off.
16. an individual cut or portion of meat, as mutton, lamb, veal, or pork, usually one containing a rib.
17. crushed or ground grain used as animal feed.
18. a short, irregular, broken motion of waves; choppiness: There's too much chop for rowing today.
19. rough, turbulent water, as of a sea or lake.
20. See chop stroke.
[1350-1400; ME choppen; var. of CHAP1]
Syn. 1. See cut.
chop2
/chop/, v.i., chopped, chopping.
1. to turn, shift, or change suddenly: The wind chopped to the west.
2. to vacillate; change one's mind.
3. Obs.
a. to barter.
b. to bandy words; argue.
4. chop logic, to reason or dispute argumentatively; draw unnecessary distinctions.
[1425-75; var. of obs. chap barter, ME chappen (with vowel as in CHAPMAN), chepen, OE ceapian to trade (deriv. of ceap sale, trade; see CHEAP)]
chop3
/chop/, n.
1. Usually, chops. the jaw.
2. chops,
a. the oral cavity; mouth.
b. Slang. the embouchure or technique necessary to play a wind instrument.
c. Slang. musical ability on any instrument, esp. in playing jazz or rock; technical virtuosity.
d. Slang. the music or musical part played by an instrumentalist, esp. a solo passage.
3. an entranceway, as into a body of water.
4. Horol. either of two pieces clasping the end of the suspension spring of a pendulum.
5. bust one's chops, Slang. to exert oneself.
6. bust someone's chops, Slang. to annoy with nagging or criticism: Stop busting my chops - I'll get the job done.
7. lick one's chops, to await with pleasure; anticipate; relish: He was already licking his chops over the expected inheritance.
Also, chap.
[1350-1400; ME; perh. special use of CHOP1]
chop4
/chop/, n.
1. an official stamp or seal, or a permit or clearance, esp. as formerly used in India and China.
2. a design, corresponding to a brand or trademark, stamped on goods to indicate their identity or quality.
3. the signature stamp of an artist, printmaker, etc., testifying to the authenticity of a work.
4. quality, class, or grade: a musician of the first chop.
[1605-15; < Hindi chap impression, stamp]

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Chop — Chop, v. t. [Cf. D. koopen to buy. See {Cheapen}, v. t., and cf. {Chap}, v. i., to buy.] 1. To barter or truck. [1913 Webster] 2. To exchange; substitute one thing for another. [1913 Webster] We go on chopping and changing our friends. L Estrange …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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