chaconne
/sha kawn", -kon", shah-/; Fr. /shann kawn"/, n., pl. chaconnes /-kawnz", -konz"/; Fr. /-kawn"/.
1. an ancient dance, probably of Spanish origin, in moderate triple meter.
2. a musical form based on the continuous variation of a series of chords or of a ground bass.
[1675-85; < F < Sp chacona]

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▪ dance and musical form
also spelled  ciaconne 
 originally a fiery and suggestive dance that appeared in Spain about 1600 and eventually gave its name to a musical form. Miguel de Cervantes, Francisco Gómez de Quevedo, and other contemporary writers imply a Mexican origin. Apparently danced with castanets by a couple or by a woman alone, it soon spread to Italy, where it was considered disreputable as it had been in Spain. During the 17th century, a subdued version gained favour at the French court; it appeared frequently in the stage works of Jean-Baptiste Lully.

      The musical form of the chaconne is a continuous variation, usually in triple metre and a major key; it is generally characterized by a short, repeating bass line or harmonic progression. The chaconne form, which is similar to that of the passacaglia, was used by composers in the Baroque period and later. In the 17th century, French composers often designated as chaconne pieces in rondeau form—i.e., with refrain (R) recurring before, after, and between contrasting passages or couplets (R A R B R C R, etc.). Johann Sebastian Bach's “Chaconne” from the Partita in D Minor for unaccompanied violin is an example of masterly use of the chaconne as a variation form. François Couperin's harpsichord music includes many chaconnes en rondeau, such as “La Favorite.” Later composers revived the form, including Johannes Brahms in the last movement of his Symphony No. 4 (1885) and Benjamin Britten in his String Quartet No. 2 (1945).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CHACONNE — En Espagne au XVIe siècle, danse populaire à trois temps très animée; elle s’accompagne avec des castagnettes et revêt alors un certain caractère érotique. On la dit originaire du Mexique, mais il semble que ce soit au Portugal qu’apparaissent,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • chaconne — CHACONNE. s. f. Air de symphonie, dont la basse est d un certain nombre de notes qui se répètent toujours, et sur lesquelles on fait différens couplets. Il a fait une chaconne. Jouer une chaconne. [b]f♛/b] On appelle Chaconne chantante, Des… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • chaconne — CHACONNE. s. f. Espece de sarabande par couplets avec le mesme refrain. Il a fait une chaconne. joüer une chaconne. Il signifie aussi, Certains pas mesurez qu on fait sur l air d une chaconne. Danser une chaconne. ce Maistre à danser luy a montré …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Chaconne — (franz., spr. schakonn ; ital. Ciaccona), ursprünglich wohl ein italienischer Tanz, aber schon im 17. Jahrh. (Tarq. Merula 1637) ein Instrumentalstück im Dreivierteltakt, von mäßiger Bewegung, mit der Eigentümlichkeit, daß, wie bei der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chaconne — Cha*conne , n. [F., fr. Sp. chacona.] (Mus.) An old Spanish dance in moderate three four measure, like the Passacaglia, which is slower. Both are used by classical composers as themes for variations. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chaconne — (spr. Schakonn , Ciacone), graciöser französischer, ursprünglich spanischer od. italienischer Tanz, von gemäßigter Bewegung, in der Mitte des vorigen Jahrh. vorzugsweise als Finale in Opern u. Ballets üblich …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Chaconne — (frz., spr. schakónn), Ciaccōna (ital., spr. tscha ), ein früher in Spanien, Italien und Frankreich beliebter Tanz, nach Art des Menuetts, nur langsamer …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chaconne — (Schaconn), veralteter Tanz in den roman. Ländern, graziös, von mäßiger Bewegung …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • chaconne — (izg. šakȍn) m DEFINICIJA glazb. ples umjerena tempa u trodjelnoj mjeri, porijeklom vjerojatno iz Španjolske; od 16. do 18. st. popularan u Europi ETIMOLOGIJA fr. ← šp. chacona …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • chaconne — ► NOUN Music 1) a composition in a series of varying sections in slow triple time. 2) a stately dance performed to such music. ORIGIN Spanish chacona …   English terms dictionary

  • chaconne — [sha kän′; ] Fr [ shȧ kō̂n′] n. [Fr < Sp chacona < ? Basque chukun, pretty] 1. a) a slow, solemn dance in 3/4 time, of Spanish or Moorish origin, similar to the passacaglia b) later, a popular social dance in France in the 17th and early… …   English World dictionary

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