Akkad
/ak"ad, ah"kahd/, n. Also, Accad.
1. one of the ancient kingdoms of Mesopotamia, the northern division of Babylonia.
2. Also called Agade. a city in and the capital of this kingdom, one of the three cities of Nimrod's kingdom. Gen. 10:10.
adj.
3. Akkadian.

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Ancient region, central Iraq.

Akkad was the northern division of ancient Babylonia (Sumer was the southern division). Its name was taken from the city of Agade, founded by the conqueror Sargon с 2300 BC. Sargon united the city-states in the region and extended the empire to much of Mesopotamia, including Sumer, Elam, and the upper Tigris. The empire waned in the 22nd century BC. Under the kings of Akkad, their Semitic language, Akkadian, became a literary language, and great art was fostered.

Bronze head of a king, perhaps Sargon of Akkad, from Nineveh (now in Iraq), Akkadian period, ...

Courtesy of the Directorate General of Antiquities, Baghdad, Iraq

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▪ historical region, Mesopotamia
      ancient region in what is now central Iraq. Akkad was the northern (or northwestern) division of ancient Babylonian civilization. The region was located roughly in the area where the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (see Tigris-Euphrates river system) are closest to each other, and its northern limit extended beyond the line of the modern cities of Al-Fallūjah and Baghdad. The early inhabitants of this region were predominantly Semitic, and their speech is called Akkadian. To the south of the region of Akkad lay Sumer, the southern (or southeastern) division of ancient Babylonia, which was inhabited by a non-Semitic people known as Sumerians.

 The name of Akkad was taken from the city of Agade, which was founded by the Semitic conqueror Sargon in about 2300 BCE. Sargon united the various city-states in the region and extended his rule to encompass much of Mesopotamia (Mesopotamia, history of). After the fall of Sargon's dynasty in about 2150 BCE, the central Iraq region was ruled by a state jointly composed of Sumerians and Akkadians. (Akkadian language)

      Under the kings of Akkad, their Semitic language, known as Akkadian (Akkadian language), became a literary language that was written with the cuneiform system of writing. Akkadian is the oldest Semitic dialect still preserved.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Akkad — oder Akkade (sumerisch KUR URIKI, A.GA.DEKI) war eine Königsstadt in Mesopotamien, im späten 3. Jahrtausend v. Chr. wurde sie von Sargon von Akkad zum Zentrum seines Reiches erhoben. Man spricht daher vom Reich von Akkad bzw. Akkadischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • AKKAD — (du sémitique Akkadû, forme à laquelle le scribe préférait Agadé) désigne à la fois une «ville de royauté» du IIIe millénaire avant J. C. et la partie nord de la Babylonie. Du nom de la cité dérive le terme akkadien , qui sert à qualifier la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • AKKAD — (Heb. אַכַּד), one of the capital cities of nimrod in Shinar (Sumer), according to the table of nations (Gen. 10:9–10). In the cuneiform sources, Akkad (Sumerian Agade or Aggide) refers to both a city and a country in northern Babylonia which… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Akkad — [ak′ad΄, äk′äd΄] 1. ancient region in N Babylonia (fl. c. 2300 2100 B.C. ) 2. its chief city, for a time the capital of Babylonia …   English World dictionary

  • Akkad — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le terme Akkad, ou Agadé, peut avoir plusieurs sens : Akkad ou Agadé est une ville de l ancienne Mésopotamie. L empire d Akkad est un État qui domina …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Akkad — I Ạkkad,   Ạkkade, ehemalige altorientalische Stadt in der Nähe von Babylon, genaue Lage unbekannt, wurde um 2235 v. Chr. von Sargon, dem Begründer der Akkad Dynastie, als Hauptstadt des ersten semitischen Großreichs auf mesopotamischem Boden… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Akkad —    In general regional terms, the northern portion of Babylonia, as opposed to the southern portion, called Sumer. In a more specific way, the term Akkad (or Agade)is used to designate the local homeland and home city of the great Akkadian… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • AKKAD — (also read AGADE)    1. As a toponym, this refers to the yet undiscovered city in northern Babylonia, said to have been founded by Sargon of Akkad, who made it the capital of the Akkadian Dynasty. The city’s rise and downfall were the subject of… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Akkad — n. ancient Mesopotamian Kingdom, northern part of Babylonia; capital city of the kingdom of Akkad …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Akkad — or Accad geographical name 1. the N division of ancient Babylonia 2. (or Agade) ancient city, its capital …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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