Aegina

Aegina
Aeginetan /ee'jeuh neet"n/, adj.
/ee juy"neuh, i jee"-/, n.
1. Class. Myth. a daughter of Asopus and Metope who was abducted by Zeus and bore him a son, Aeacus.
2. Gulf of. See Saronic Gulf.
3. an island in the Saronic Gulf. 32 sq. mi. (83 sq. km).
4. a seaport on this island. 5704. Modern Greek, Aíyina (for defs. 2-4).

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Island in the Saronic group of Greece.

Located 16 mi (26 km) southwest of Piraeus, it has an area of 32 sq mi (83 sq km). Its chief town and port, Aegina, lies over the ancient town of the same name. Inhabited since с 3000 BC, it became a maritime power after the 7th century BC; its period of glory, reflected in Pindar's poetry, was in the 5th century BC. Its economic rivalry with Athens led to frequent warfare, and in 431 BC the Athenians deported all its population. It came under Roman rule in 133 BC. It was briefly the capital of independent Greece (1826–28).

The temple of Aphaea, Aegina, Greece

Susan McCartney-Photo Researchers

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Modern Greek  Aíyina 

      island, one of the largest in the Saronic group of Greece, about 16 miles (26 km) south-southwest of Piraeus. With an area of about 32 square miles (83 square km), it is an eparkhía (eparchy) of the nomós (department) of Piraeus. The northern plains and hills are cultivated with vines and olive, fig, almond, and pistachio trees, while along the east coast stretches a ridge of light volcanic rock known as trachyte. The highest point is conical Mount Áyios Ilías (ancient Mount Pan Hellenion), at 1,745 feet (532 metres). On the west coast the chief town and port, Aegina, lies over part of the ancient town of the same name.

      Inhabited since Neolithic times (c. 3000 BC), the island became a leading maritime power after the 7th century BC because of its strategic position, and its silver coins became currency in most of the Dorian states. Aegina's economic rivalry with Athens led to wars and to its close collaboration with Persia, but at the Battle of Salamis (Salamis, Battle of) (480 BC) the island sided with Athens and prevailed. The conspicuous bravery of the tiny Aeginetan contingent (only about 40 ships) was recognized by a prize for valour. Hostility with Athens was later resumed, and at the beginning of the Peloponnesian War the Athenians deported all of Aegina's population and replaced them with Athenian settlers (431 BC). The Spartans settled the refugees in the region of Thyreatis in northern Laconia. The remnants were allowed to return from exile in 404 BC after the defeat of Athens, but Aegina never recovered from the blow. It fell with the rest of Greece to Macedon and then to the Romans in 133 BC. It regained some prosperity under Venice (1451) but was eclipsed by a pirate raid in 1537. From that time, except for another Venetian interlude, the island remained in Turkish hands until 1826, by which time it was again a modestly successful commercial centre. It was chosen as the temporary capital of independent Greece (1826–28), but afterward the increasing concentration of business in Athens forced a gradual decay. Today it is a holiday and weekend resort for Athenians, and the ancient pottery trade is still carried on.

      Aegina's period of glory was the 5th century BC, as reflected by the legacy of sculpture and the poetry of Pindar. A well-preserved 5th-century-BC temple to Aphaea, the ancient Aeginetan deity related to the Cretan Britomartis (Artemis), is situated on a wooded crest in the east of the island. Its Doric peripheral construction (having columns surrounding the building) of local gray limestone has been partially restored.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Aegína — AEGÍNA, æ, Gr. Ἄιγινα, ης, (⇒ Tab. XXIV.) eine von des Asopus vielen Töchtern, welche Jupiter entführete und mit ihr den Aeakus zeugete. Als ihr Vater sie unter andern auch zu Corinth suchete, so erfuhr er von dem Sisyphus, wer ihr Räuber… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

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  • AEGINA — I. AEGINA Aristodemi, Spartanorum Regis uxor. Herodot. l. 6. II. AEGINA Asopi regis Boeotiae filia, quam Iuppiter amavit, et in ignem conversus compressit, ex qua postea Aeacum, et Rhadamanthum suscepit. Item insul. in qua Aeacus regnavit, olim… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Aegina — Ägina (altgriechisch Aigina, neugriechisch Egina, lateinisch Aegina) steht für: eine Nymphe der griechischen Mythologie, siehe Aigina (Nymphe) eine nach ihr benannte Stadt und Insel in Griechenland, siehe Ägina (Griechenland) einen nach ihr… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aegina — or Greek Aíyina geographical name island & ancient state SE Greece in Saronic Gulf • Aeginetan adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Aegina — noun an island in Greece …   Wiktionary

  • AEGINA —    The Greek island where the Greek sanctuary of Athena was found, which has yielded a sixth century BC Etruscan dedicatory inscription, by an Etruscan trader Plavtena from Caere, on a Laconian cup. This can be interpreted as the counterpart to… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • Aegina — noun 1. an island in the Aegean Sea in the Saronic Gulf • Syn: ↑Aigina • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Aegean island • Part Holonyms: ↑Greece, ↑Hellenic Republic, ↑Ellas 2. small medusa …   Useful english dictionary

  • Aegina —  Town and island off the southeastern coast of Greece …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

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