buran
buran [bo͞o rän′]
n.
Russ < Turk
a strong NE windstorm of the steppes of Russia and Siberia, bringing blizzards in the winter and hot dust in the summer

* * *

bu·ran (bo͞o-ränʹ) n.
A violent windstorm of the Eurasian steppes, accompanied in summer by dust and in winter by snow.
  [Russian, probably from Tatar.]

* * *

▪ Russian spacecraft
 Soviet orbiter similar in design and function to the U.S. space shuttle. Designed by the Energia aerospace bureau, it made a single unmanned, fully automated flight in 1988, only to be grounded shortly thereafter due to cost overruns and the collapse of the Soviet Union.

      Approval was given in 1976 for the joint development of the Buran and its companion launch vehicle, the heavy-lift Energia booster rocket. Energia could lift 100,000 kg (220,000 pounds) to low Earth orbit, slightly more than the U.S. Saturn V (Saturn), and it was seen as a dramatic improvement over the previous generation of Soviet launch vehicles. The Energia-Buran system was envisioned as a counter to the U.S. space shuttle program, but its role within the Soviet aerospace industry was never clear. While both scientific and military applications were proposed, delays in its development forced existing missions, such as maintenance and expansion of the Mir space station, to be prolonged, modified, or scrapped entirely.

      Energia's first launch was in 1987, with Polyus, an experimental military space platform, as its payload. On Nov. 15, 1988, the joint Energia-Buran system lifted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, without a crew aboard. Buran performed flawlessly, completing two orbits before returning to Earth under remote control. In the 12 years since the project was first proposed, however, political realities had changed, and the costly Energia-Buran program was quietly retired, with funding trickling to a halt in 1993. While the Buran orbiter had a brief operational life, much of the research and technology that went into it would prove useful in the Russian-designed elements of the International Space Station.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Buran — may refer to: * Buran (spacecraft), a Soviet space shuttle **Buran program, which developed the spacecraft * Buran (wind), a wind which blows across eastern Asia * Buran cruise missile, a Soviet cruise missile * Buran thermal sight, a thermal… …   Wikipedia

  • Būrān — (persisch ‏بوران‎, DMG Būrān; * 807; † 884) war eine Ehefrau des abbasidischen Kalifen Al Maʾmūn (reg. 813–833). Sie war die Tochter des Finanzministers al Hasan ibn Sahl († 850) und somit auch eine Nichte des Wesirs Al Faḍl ibn Sahl († 818) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Buran — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Buran puede referirse a: el transbordador Buran, un transbordador espacial ruso. el misil Buran, un misil de crucero soviético desarrollado durante los años 1950. Obtenido de Buran Categoría: Wikipedia:Desambiguación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Buran —   [russisch] der, s/ e, NO Sturm in Russland und Zentralasien, besonders im Winter mit starkem Schneetreiben, seltener als Staubsturm im Sommer (Karaburan). * * * Bu|ran, der; s, e [russ. buran, aus dem Turkotat., eigtl. = der Bohrende,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Buran — Buran, furchtbarer Wind in den asiatischen Steppen, der im Sommer den Staub, im Winter den Schnee aufwühlt, entsteht gewöhnlich bei Thauwetter, od. wenn Frost eintreten soll, u. bei hellem Wetter, wenn in der höheren Atmosphäre kein Schnee sich… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Buran — (Burian), heftiger Wind in den Steppen Rußlands (bis zur Krim) und Sibiriens. Der Sommerburan bringt drückende Hitze und dichten Staub. Der Winterburan wird durch starkes Schneegestöber, das jede Orientierung unmöglich macht, und durch… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Burán — Burán, verheerender Sand und Schneesturm in Sibirien, Innerasien und den russ. Steppen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • buran — bȗran prid. <odr. rnī> DEFINICIJA koji je pun bure (2) [prihode s burne strane]; nemiran, uskovitlan SINTAGMA burna godina pov. godina 1848; burna noć noć puna kojekakvih događaja; burno more uzburkano more ETIMOLOGIJA vidi bura …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • buran — bùrān m <G burána> DEFINICIJA meteor. 1. snažan S i SI olujni vjetar u stepskim područjima Euroazije popraćen zimi snježnom vijavicom a ljeti prašinskom olujom 2. reg. mećava, vijavica, snježna oluja ETIMOLOGIJA vidi bura …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • buran — [bo͞o rän′] n. [Russ < Turk] a strong NE windstorm of the steppes of Russia and Siberia, bringing blizzards in the winter and hot dust in the summer …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”