Ulan-Ude [o͞o län΄o͞o dā′]city in S Siberia, near Lake Baikal: pop. 366,000
* * *U·lan-U·de (o͞o'län-o͞o-dāʹ, o͞o-län'o͞o-dĕʹ)A city of southern Russia near Lake Baikal and the Mongolian border. Founded as a Cossack fortress in 1649, it is a transportation hub and a processing and manufacturing center. Population: 363,967.
* * *▪ Russiacity and capital of Buryatiya, east-central Russia. It lies at the confluence of the Selenga and Uda rivers and in a deep valley between the Khamar-Daban and Tsagan-Daban mountain ranges. The wintering camp of Udinskoye, established there in 1666, became the town of Verkhne-Udinsk in 1783; it was renamed Ulan-Ude in 1934.The city's development was greatly stimulated when the Trans-Siberian Railroad reached it in 1900 and later by the construction of a branch line to Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia in 1949—a branch extended to Peking in 1956. Ulan-Ude's role as a major rail junction led to the establishment of large locomotive and carriage repair works. Other industries include glassmaking, food processing, and other light industries. Ulan-Ude has agricultural, teacher-training, technological, and cultural institutes, several theatres, and a philharmonic hall. Pop. (1991 est.) 362,400.
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