Goldenweiser, Alexander

Goldenweiser, Alexander

▪ American anthropologist
born Jan. 29 [Jan. 17, Old Style], 1880, Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire
died July 6, 1940, Portland, Ore., U.S.

      American anthropologist whose analyses of cultural questions ranged widely, encompassing intellectual movements in psychology and psychoanalysis. In particular, he suggested that cultural diffusion is not a mechanical process but, rather, depends in part on the receptiveness of cultures to proffered traits.

      Goldenweiser studied under anthropologist Franz Boas at Columbia University, where he took a Ph.D. in 1910 and then taught until 1919. A brilliant lecturer, he held subsequent posts at the New School for Social Research, New York City; the University of Oregon, Eugene; and Reed College, Portland. Though he did field work among the Iroquois Indians of North America, he addressed himself mainly to theoretical considerations. Convinced that totemism is founded on a symbolic mystical relationship, he stressed psychological factors common to different tribal cultures but concluded that there is no single, distinct class of totemic practices. He regarded the conceptual worlds of nonliterate peoples as not fundamentally different from the world of modern man and was interested in theoretical and applied primitive science. One of the first U.S. textbooks in anthropology was his Early Civilization (1922; rev. ed. Anthropology, 1937). He also wrote History, Psychology, and Culture (1933).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alexander Aleksandrovich Goldenweiser — Alexander Alexandrovich Goldenweiser (russisch Александр Александрович Гольденвейзер; * 29. Januar 1880 in Kiew; † 6. Juli 1940 in Portland, Oregon) war ein in der Ukraine geborener US amerikanischer Anthropologe und Soziologe. Leben Alexander… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • GOLDENWEISER (A.) — GOLDENWEISER ALEXANDER (1880 1940) Anthropologue américain d’origine russe, élève de F. Boas, Goldenweiser commença sa carrière universitaire comme assistant à l’université Columbia et la termina comme professeur à l’université de l’Oregon et au… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alexander Siloti — (links) mit P. I. Tschaikowski Alexander Iljitsch Siloti (russisch Александр Ильич Зилоти, wiss. Transliteration Aleksandr Il ič Ziloti; * 26. Septemberjul./ 8. Oktober 1863 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander Alexandrovich Goldenweiser — (russisch Александр Александрович Гольденвейзер; * 29. Januar 1880 in Kiew; † 6. Juli 1940 in Portland, Oregon) war ein aus der Ukraine stammender US amerikanischer Anthropologe und Soziologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Goldenweiser — (russisch Гольденвейзер) ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alexander Alexandrovich Goldenweiser (1880–1940), US amerikanischer Anthropologe und Soziologe ukrainischer Herkunft Alexander Borissowitsch Goldenweiser (1875–1961),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander Goldenweiser — ist der Name folgender Personen: Alexander Alexandrovich Goldenweiser (1880–1940), US amerikanischer Anthropologe und Soziologe ukrainischer Herkunft Alexander Borissowitsch Goldenweiser (1875–1961), russischer Komponist und Pianist Alexander… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander Goldenweiser — may refer to: * Alexander Alexandrovich Goldenweiser (1880 ndash;1940), American anthropologist * Alexander Borisovich Goldenweiser (1875 ndash;1961), Russian pianist and lecturer …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Alexandrovich Goldenweiser — Alexander Aleksandrovich Goldenweiser (January 29, 1880 – July 6, 1940) was a Russian born U.S. anthropologist and sociologist.BiographyAlexander Alexandrovich Goldenweiser was born in Kiev, Ukraine, in 1880. He emigrated to the United States in… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Borissowitsch Goldenweiser — (russisch Александр Борисович Гольденвейзер, wiss. Transliteration Aleksandr Borisovič Gol denvejzer; * 26. Februar 1875 in Chișinău; † 26. November 1961 in Moskau) war ein russischer Komponist und Pianist. Goldenweiser studierte am Moskauer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander Borisovich Goldenweiser — ( ru. Александр Борисович Гольденвейзер; or Goldenveyzer ; (OldStyleDate|March 10|1875|February 26 Kishinev, Bessarabia ndash;1961, Moscow region) was a Russian pianist, teacher, composer and public figure. Rachmaninov s Second Suite Op 17 was… …   Wikipedia