Galland, Adolf

▪ German officer
in full  Adolf Joseph Ferdinand Galland  
born March 19, 1912, Westerholt, near Recklinghausen, Ger.
died Feb. 9, 1996, Oberwinter

      German fighter ace and officer who commanded the fighter forces of the Luftwaffe (German air force) during World War II.

      The son of an estate bailiff of French descent, Galland became a skillful glider pilot before age 20 and joined the civilian airline Lufthansa in 1932. He served with Germany's Condor Legion in the Spanish Civil War in 1937–38, flying several hundred missions. Galland held a staff post when Germany invaded Poland in 1939, but he went on to serve in a fighter group during the campaign against France in 1940 and led a fighter squadron during the Battle of Britain, by the end of which he had destroyed about 100 enemy planes. In November 1941 he was promoted to the post of commander of the Luftwaffe's Fighter Arm, and a year later he was promoted to major general, becoming at age 30 the youngest general in the German armed forces.

      In 1943–44 Galland commanded Germany's fighter squadrons in their unavailing defense against Anglo-American bombing raids. Despite his able and resourceful leadership, he was blamed by Adolf Hitler and Hermann Göring (Göring, Hermann) for the gradual collapse of the German air defenses in 1944, and he was relieved of his command in January 1945. He was soon returned to active duty as the commander of an elite squadron of jet fighters. At the war's end he was captured and imprisoned for a time. He later served as a technical adviser to the Argentine air force for six years, after which he returned to West Germany and worked as an aviation consultant in Düsseldorf.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Galland, Adolf Joseph Ferdinand — ▪ 1997       German aviator (b. March 19, 1912, Westerholt, Ger. d. Feb. 9, 1996, Oberwinter, Ger.), was one of the country s most famous World War II fighter pilots, shooting down more than 100 Allied planes. Nonetheless, as a result of his… …   Universalium

  • Galland, Adolf (Joseph Ferdinand) — born March 19, 1912, Westerholt, near Recklinghausen, Ger. died Feb. 9, 1996, Oberwinter German fighter ace. A skillful glider pilot by age 20, he flew hundreds of missions in the Spanish Civil War. In World War II he led a fighter squadron in… …   Universalium

  • Galland, Adolf (Joseph Ferdinand) — (19 mar. 1912, Westerholt, cerca de Recklinghausen, Alemania–9 feb. 1996, Oberwinter). As de la fuerza aérea alemana. Experto piloto de planeador a la edad de 20 años, voló en cientos de misiones durante la guerra civil española. En la segunda… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adolf Galland — Generalleutnant Años de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Adolf Galland — Infobox Military Person name=Adolf Galland born=birth date|1912|3|19|df=y died=death date and age|1996|2|9|1912|3|19|df=y placeofbirth=Westerholt placeofdeath=Remagen Oberwinter caption= nickname = Dolfo allegiance=flagicon|Nazi Germany Nazi… …   Wikipedia

  • Adolf Galland — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Galland. Adolf Galland …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adolf — /ad olf, ay dolf/; Ger. /ah dawlf/, n. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning noble and wolf. Also, Adolph, Adolphe, Adolphus /euh dol feuhs/. * * * (as used in expressions) Baeyer Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Eichmann Karl Adolf… …   Universalium

  • Adolf — (as used in expressions) Baeyer, (Johann Friedrich Wilhelm) Adolf von Eichmann, (Karl) Adolf Galland, Adolf (Joseph Ferdinand) Oscar Gustaf Adolf Hitler, Adolf Krebs, Sir Hans Adolf Loos, Adolf Meyer, Adolf Nordenskiöld, (Nils) Adolf Erik,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adolf Galland — Adolf Galland, 1943 in Süditalien Adolf Josef Ferdinand Galland (* 19. März 1912 in Westerholt, Westfalen; † 9. Februar 1996 in Remagen Oberwinter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Galland — steht für Galland (Iowa), eine Stadt im Lee County, Iowa Banque Franck, Galland Cie (vormals Banque Galland Cie), eine Schweizer Privatbank Galland ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adolf Galland (1912–1996), deutscher Luftwaffenoffizier… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”