Burchfield, Charles

▪ American painter
in full  Charles Ephraim Burchfield 
born April 9, 1893, Ashtabula Harbor, Ohio, U.S.
died January 10, 1967, Gardenville, New York

      American painter known initially for his realistic watercolours (watercolour) of the American scene and later for his mystically poetic landscapes.

      From 1912 to 1916 Burchfield attended the Cleveland School of Art. He returned to his home in Salem, Ohio, where he had an industrial job and in his spare time painted imaginative watercolours of nature. After military service in World War I, he worked as a wallpaper designer in Buffalo until 1929, when, having received critical acclaim and gallery representation, he was able to devote his time to art.

      During the 1920s and '30s Burchfield's work was closely associated with that of the painter Edward Hopper (Hopper, Edward) because of its emphasis on the loneliness and harshness of American cities and small towns. In November Evening (1931–34), for example, weather-beaten buildings convey a mood of stark realism.

      After 1940 Burchfield's style changed, however, and by the mid-1940s he had abandoned realism, returning to his early interest in personal interpretations of nature. His paintings from this period convey a sense of wonder at the colour, movement, and forms of nature, particularly in connection with the seasons. A notable example of his later style is The Sphinx and the Milky Way (1946).

Additional Reading
John I. H. Baur, The Inlander: The Life and Work of Charles Burchfield, 1893–1967 (1982; reissued 1984); J. Benjamin Townsend (ed.), Charles Burchfield's Journals: The Poetry of Place (1993); Guy Davenport, Charles Burchfield's Seasons (1994); Nannette V. Maciejunes and Michael D. Hall, The Paintings of Charles Burchfield: North by Midwest (1997).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Burchfield, Charles Ephraim — (1893 1967)    Born in Ohio, Charles Burchfield trained at the Cleveland School of Art, and after graduating in 1916, he briefly attended the New York Academy of Design. He served in the army from 1918 to 1919 and then returned to Salem, Ohio. In …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Burchfield,Charles Ephraim — Burch·field (bûrchʹfēld ), Charles Ephraim. 1893 1967. American painter whose works, usually in watercolor, include landscapes and somber urban scenes. * * * …   Universalium

  • Burchfield, Charles (Ephraim) — born April 9, 1893, Ashtabula Harbor, Ohio, U.S. died Jan. 10, 1967, Gardenville, N.Y. U.S. painter. He attended the Cleveland School of Art and, after service in World War I, worked as a wallpaper designer in Buffalo, N.Y. In the 1920s and 30s… …   Universalium

  • Burchfield, Charles (Ephraim) — (9 abr. 1893, Ashtabula Harbor, Ohio, EE.UU.–10 ene. 1967, Gardenville, N.Y.). Pintor estadounidense. Asistió a la Escuela de arte de Cleveland y, después de prestar servicio en la primera guerra mundial, trabajó como diseñador de papeles murales …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles E. Burchfield — Born April 9, 1893(1893 04 09) Ashtabula Harbor, Ohio Died January 10, 1967(1967 01 10) (aged 73) Nationality …   Wikipedia

  • Charles — Charles, Ray * * * (as used in expressions) Adams, Charles Francis Addams, Charles (Samuel) Atlas, Charles Babbage, Charles Barkley, Charles (Wade) Charles Daly Barnet Bartlett, Sir Frederic C(harles) Baudelaire, Charles (Pierre) Charles Edward… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles — /chahrlz/, n. 1. (Prince of Edinburgh and of Wales) born 1948, heir apparent to the throne of Great Britain (son of Elizabeth II). 2. Ray (Ray Charles Robinson), born 1930, U.S. blues singer and pianist. 3. Cape, a cape in E Virginia, N of the… …   Universalium

  • Burchfield — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Burchfield (Alabama) Burchfield (West Virginia) Burchfield Heights (Tennessee) Personen: Charles E. Burchfield (1893–1967), US amerikanischer Maler Robert Burchfield (1923–2004), US… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Nelson Schmick House — U.S. National Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia

  • Burchfield-Penney Art Center — The Burchfield Penney Art Center is located on the campus of Buffalo State College and was founded in 1966. It contains over 100 works by Charles Burchfield and a sizeable collection of woodcut prints from Buffalo native J. J. Lankes, among other …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”