or zaddikOne who embodies the religious ideals of Judaism.The term is used repeatedly in the Old Testament and in the Talmud, which asserts that the continued existence of the world is due to the merits of 36 righteous men. In Hasidism it came to refer to a religious leader who was viewed as a mediator between humankind and God. Initially the zaddikim traveled widely and engaged in social activities to strengthen the community's spiritual life. Toward the end of the 18th century, they ceased this practice and became available at home for those seeking advice.
* * *▪ Judaismalso spelled Tsaddik, or Ẓaddik (Hebrew: “righteous man”), plural Tzaddiqim, Tsaddikim, or Ẓaddikim,one who embodies the religious ideals of Judaism. In the Bible, a tzaddiq is a just or righteous man (Genesis 6:9), who, if a ruler, rules justly or righteously (II Samuel 23:3) and who takes joy in justice (Proverbs 21:15). The Talmud (compendium of Jewish law, lore, and commentary) asserts that the continued existence of the world is due to the merits of 36 individuals, each of whom is gamur tzaddiq (“completely righteous”). While recognizing that tzaddiqim have special privileges, the Talmud also notes their special obligations. They are at least partially responsible for the sins of their generation.In the 18th-century Pietistic movement known as Ḥasidism, the Jewish religious leader (tzaddiq) was viewed as a mediator between man and God. Because the tzaddiq's life was expected to be a living expression of the Torah, his behaviour was even more important than his doctrine. Rabbi Leib, a disciple of Dov Baer of Mezhirich, thus was said to have visited his master not to hear explanations of the Torah but to see how Dov Baer laced and unlaced his shoes.In early Ḥasidism, the tzaddiq traveled widely and often seemed to engage in such secular matters as idle talk and the consumption of wine. The Ḥasidic formula for such conduct was “descent on behalf of ascent” (ʾaliyya tzrikha yerida)—a calculated risk to strengthen the spiritual life of the Jewish community. Whereas some tzaddiqim lived simple and humble lives, others sought wealth and luxury. Toward the end of the 18th century the tzaddiqim ceased to travel. Thereafter, they were available at home for those who sought advice and instructions. This change gave rise to “practical tzaddiqism,” a development that included, among other things, the writing of a quittel (“prayer note”) to guarantee the success of petitions made by visitors who offered money for the service. Such developments contributed to the gradual deterioration of an institution that had earlier been a vital spiritual force within Jewish communities.
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tzaddiq — o zaddik El que encarna los ideales religiosos del judaísmo. El término es usado repetidamente en el Antiguo Testamento y en el Talmud, que asevera que la existencia continuada del mundo se debe a los méritos de 36 hombres justos. En el hasidismo … Enciclopedia Universal
Judaism — /jooh dee iz euhm, day , deuh /, n. 1. the monotheistic religion of the Jews, having its ethical, ceremonial, and legal foundation in the precepts of the Old Testament and in the teachings and commentaries of the rabbis as found chiefly in the… … Universalium
tsaddik — also tsadik variant of zaddik * * * tsaddik Judaism. (ˈtsædɪk) Also tsadik, tzaddik, tzaddiq, zaddik, etc. Pl. kim … Useful english dictionary
Church of the East & Abroad Catholicos — H.H. Catholicos Patriarch +Mar Malakosios Isagelos Chazak Alon Yaza (i.e. +Mar Michai)The Jurisdiction of this particular Church is was sometimes referred to as Nasrani Thomasine. They use the term Nasrani which means Nazarene or the term M… … Wikipedia
List of English words containing Q not followed by U — In English, the letter q is usually followed by the letter u . While this is true in the vast majority of cases, there are some exceptions, the majority of which are romanised from Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Inuktitut, or other languages which do… … Wikipedia
Shemariah Catarivas — was a Talmudic writer of the eighteenth century. He was originally from Tiberias, and went to Tunis in 1750 as alms collector, settling there after a sojourn in Algiers. He gained a reputation for scholarship and piety. Catarivas was an intimate… … Wikipedia
Naḥman ben Simḥah of Bratslav — ▪ Hasidic rabbi Naḥman ben Simḥah also spelled Nakhmen ben Simkhe born 1772, Medzhibozh, Podolia, Pol. [now in Ukraine] died 1811, Uman, Ukraine, Russian Empire Hasidic rabbi and teller of tales, founder of the Bratslaver Hasidic sect.… … Universalium
zaddik — noun or tzad·dik or tsad·dik also za·dik or tza·dik or tsa·dik ˈtsädik (plural zad·dik·im or tzad·dik·im or tsad·dik·im … Useful english dictionary
Melchizedek — name of a priest king in the Old Testament, from Hebrew Malki tzedeq, lit. king of righteousness, from melekh king; second element related to tzadaq he was righteous, tzaddiq just, righteous … Etymology dictionary