Hoyle, Edmond

Hoyle, Edmond
born 1671/72
died Aug. 29, 1769, London, Eng.

British writer on card games.

Hoyle wrote A Short Treatise on the Game of Whist in 1742, and in 1760 he established a set of rules for whist that remained in effect until 1864. His codification of the laws of backgammon (1743) is still largely in force. He is memorialized in the phrase "according to Hoyle" and in various game rule books that contain his name in the title as an indication of authority.

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▪ British writer
born 1671/72
died Aug. 29, 1769, London, Eng.

      English writer, perhaps the first technical writer on card games. His writings on the laws of whist gave rise to the common phrase “according to Hoyle,” signifying full compliance with universally accepted rules and customs.

      Hoyle's life before 1741 is unknown, although he is said to have been called to the bar. For the use of the pupils to whom he began teaching whist that year, he prepared A Short Treatise on the Game of Whist (1742), which went through 13 editions in his lifetime. His revised laws of 1760 remained authoritative until 1864, when the Arlington and Portland whist clubs in London adopted a new code. French and German translations of the Short Treatise first appeared in 1764 and 1768, respectively.

      The Hoyle codification of the laws and strategy of backgammon (1743) is still largely in force. He also wrote treatises on chess (1761) and other games. Familiar with the laws of probability, he appended to one of his books a life table for annuities. He died at the age of 97. He is memorialized in such books as The New Complete Hoyle, edited by Richard L. Frey, Albert H. Morehead, and Geoffrey Mott-Smith (1956), comprising the rules, methods of play, and history of more than 600 games of skill and chance, and According to Hoyle, edited by Frey (1965; rev. ed. 1970), concerning 300 games.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • HOYLE, EDMOND —    the inventor of whist, lived in London; wrote on games and taught whist; his Short Treatise on Whist appeared in 1742 (1672 1769) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Edmond Hoyle — auch Edmund Hoyle (* 1672; † 29. August 1769) war ein britischer Spieleexperte im 18. Jahrhundert. Über das Leben Edmond Hoyles ist nur wenig bekannt; möglicherweise machte er eine Ausbildung zum Rechtsanwalt. Im Jahre 1741 begann Hoyle als Whist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edmond Hoyle — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Edmond Hoyle Autoridad del juego de naipes inglés, El Padre del Whist …   Wikipedia Español

  • Edmond — /ed meuhnd/, n. 1. a town in central Oklahoma. 34,637. 2. Also, Edmund. a male given name: from Old English words meaning rich, happy and protection. * * * (as used in expressions) Halley Edmond Hoyle Edmond Rostand Edmond Eugène Edmond Preston… …   Universalium

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  • Hoyle — is a surname, and may refer to * Alan Hoyle, British basketball player and coach * Arthur Hoyle, Australian historian and biographer * Colin Hoyle, English football player * David Hoyle, British perfomance artist * David W. Hoyle, North Carolina… …   Wikipedia

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  • Hoyle — cited as a typical authority on card or board games, in ref. to Edmond Hoyle (1672 1769), author of several works on card playing. The surname, according to Bardsley, represents a Northern English dialectal pronunciation of hole. In Yorks and… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Hoyle — noun 1. English writer on card games (1672 1769) • Syn: ↑Edmond Hoyle • Instance Hypernyms: ↑writer, ↑author, ↑card player 2. an English astrophysicist and advocate of the steady state theory of cosmology; described processes of nucleosynthesis… …   Useful english dictionary