lathe
/laydh/, n., v., lathed, lathing.
n.
1. a machine for use in working wood, metal, etc., that holds the material and rotates it about a horizontal axis against a tool that shapes it.
v.t.
2. to cut, shape, or otherwise treat on a lathe.
[1300-50; ME: frame, stand, lathe; cf. ON hlath stack (see LADE), Dan -lad in vaeverlad weaver's batten, savelad saw bench]

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Machine tool that performs turning operations in which unwanted material is removed from a workpiece rotated against a cutting tool.

Lathes are among the oldest and most important machine tools, used in France from 1569 and important in the Industrial Revolution in England, when they were adapted for metal cutting (see Henry Maudslay). Lathes (usually called engine lathes) today have a power-driven, variable-speed horizontal spindle to which the workholding device is attached. Operations include turning straight or tapered cylindrical shapes, grooves, shoulders, and screw threads and facing flat surfaces on the ends of cylindrical parts. Internal cylindrical operations include most of the common hole-machining operations, such as drilling, boring, reaming, counterboring, countersinking, and threading with a single-point tool or tap. See also boring machine.

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      machine tool that performs turning operations in which unwanted material is removed from a workpiece rotated against a cutting tool.

      The lathe is one of the oldest and most important machine tools. Wood lathes were in use in France as early as 1569. During the Industrial Revolution in England the machine was adapted for metal cutting. The rotating horizontal spindle to which the workholding device is attached is usually power driven at speeds that can be varied. On a speed lathe the cutting tool is supported on a tool rest and manipulated by hand. On an engine lathe the tool is clamped onto a cross slide that is power driven on straight paths parallel or perpendicular to the work axis. On a screwcutting lathe the motion of the cutting tool is accurately related to the rotation of the spindle by means of a lead screw that drives the carriage on which the cutting tool is mounted.

      Internal turning is known as boring and results in the enlargement of an already existing hole. For internal turning on solid workpieces, holes are drilled first; engine lathes are equipped for drilling coaxial holes. See also boring machine; drilling machinery.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lathe — (l[=a][th]), n. [OE. lathe a granary; akin to G. lade a chest, Icel. hla[eth]a a storehouse, barn; but cf. also Icel. l[ o][eth] a smith s lathe. Senses 2 and 3 are perh. of the same origin as lathe a granary, the original meaning being, a frame… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lathe — [lāth] n. [ME lath, turning lathe, supporting stand, prob. < MDu lade in the same senses (> Dan dreielad, turning lathe): for IE base see LADE] a machine for shaping an article of wood, metal, etc. by holding and turning it rapidly against… …   English World dictionary

  • lathe — (n.) machine for turning, early 14c., of uncertain origin, probably from a Scandinavian source (Cf. Dan. drejelad turning lathe, O.N. hlaða pile of shavings under a lathe, related to hlaða to load, lade ) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Lathe — (l[aum][th]), n. [AS. l[=ae][eth]. Of uncertain origin.] Formerly, a part or division of a county among the Anglo Saxons. At present it consists of four or five hundreds, and is confined to the county of Kent. [Written also {lath}.] Brande & C.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lathe — lathe·man; lathe; …   English syllables

  • Lathe —   [dt. »Drehbank«], im Bereich der Computergrafik ein Verfahren, das aus einer Profilkurve Rotationskörper erzeugt, z. B. eine Vase oder eine Trommel …   Universal-Lexikon

  • lathe — [leıð] n [Date: 1600 1700; Origin: Probably from lath supporting frame (14 15 centuries), perhaps from Danish lad] a machine that shapes wood or metal, by turning it around and around against a sharp tool …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • lathe — [ leıð ] noun count a machine that holds a piece of wood or metal and spins it around so you can cut and shape it evenly …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • lathe — ► NOUN ▪ a machine for shaping wood or metal by means of a rotating drive which turns the piece being worked on against changeable cutting tools. ORIGIN probably from Old Danish lad structure, frame …   English terms dictionary

  • Lathe — A lathe (pronEng|ˈleɪð) is a machine tool which spins a block of material to perform various operations such as cutting, sanding, knurling, drilling, or deformation with tools that are applied to the workpiece to create an object which has… …   Wikipedia

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