diatessaron
diatessaron [dī΄ə tes′ə rän΄]
n.
L(Ec) < Gr(Ec) ( Evangelion) dia tessarōn, lit., (Gospel) through four, title of Tatian's harmony of four Gospels (2d c.) < Gr dia, through + tessarōn, gen. of tessares, four < IE base * kwetwer-, FOUR
the four Gospels combined into a single account

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di·a·tes·sa·ron (dī'ə-tĕsʹər-ən) n.
The four Gospels combined into a single narrative.
  [Middle English, interval of a fourth, from Latin diatessarōn, made of four (ingredients), from Greek dia tessarōn, out of four : dia-, according to; see dia- + tessarōn, genitive of tessares, four; See kʷetwer-.

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▪ work by Tatian
      the four New Testament Gospels compiled as a single narrative by Tatian (q.v.) about AD 150. It was the standard Gospel text in the Syrian Middle East until about AD 400, when it was replaced by the four separated Gospels. Quotations from the Diatessaron appear in ancient Syriac literature, but no ancient Syriac manuscript now exists. A 3rd-century Greek papyrus fragment was discovered in 1933 at Doura-Europus, northwest of Baghdad, Iraq. Whether the original writing was done in Greek or Syriac is unknown. There are also manuscripts in Arabian and Persian and translations into European languages made during the Middle Ages.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • diatessaron — DIATESSARON. s. m. Terme de Médecine. Remède composé de quatre ingrédiens, et qui s emploie contre les maladies froides du cerveau et de l estomac.Diatessaron, est aussi un terme de Musique ancienne, qui désigne L intervalle auquel nous donnons… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Diatessaron — Di a*tes sa*ron, n. [L., fr. Gr. ? (sc. ?); dia through + ?, gen. of ? four (sc. ?.).] 1. (Anc. Mus.) The interval of a fourth. [1913 Webster] 2. (Theol.) A continuous narrative arranged from the first four books of the New Testament. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Diatessăron — (gr.), 1) (Mus.), s.u. Diapason 1); 2) Schrift des Tatian, s.d.; 3) (Med.), Bauerntheriak, s.u. Theriak …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Diatessăron — (griech.), bei den Griechen und im Mittelalter Name der reinen Quarte (s.d.); auch Titel einer Schrift des Tatian (s. Evangelienharmonie) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Diatessaron — Diatessāron (grch.), in der alten Tonkunst s.v.w. Quarte; in der Theologie, s. Evangelienharmonie …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • diatessaron — late 14c. as a term in music meaning interval of a fourth; 1803 in reference to harmonizings of the gospels, especially that of Tatian (2c.), from Gk. dia tessaron, from dia composed of (lit. through; see DIA (Cf. dia )) + tessaron four, related… …   Etymology dictionary

  • diatessaron — [dī΄ə tes′ə rän΄] n. [L(Ec) < Gr(Ec) ( Evangelion) dia tessarōn, lit., (Gospel) through four, title of Tatian s harmony of four Gospels (2d c.) < Gr dia, through + tessarōn, gen. of tessares, four < IE base * kwetwer , FOUR] the four… …   English World dictionary

  • Diatessaron — For the musical interval, see perfect fourth. Arabic Diatessaron, Translated by Abul Faraj Al Tayyeb from Syriac to Arabic, 11th Century The Diatessaron (c 160 175) is the most prominent Gospel harmony created by Tatian, an early Christian… …   Wikipedia

  • Diatessaron — Le Diatessaron, littéralement « à travers quatre », est l harmonie des quatre Évangiles canoniques écrites, vraisemblablement en syriaque[1] dans la deuxième partie du IIe siècle. Il est aussi connu sous le nom Evangelion… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Diatessaron — Diatẹssaron   [griechisch »durch vier«] das, s,    1) Musik: in der altgriechischen Musik das Intervall der Quarte.    2) Theologie: die älteste Evangelienharmonie, von Tatian nach 172 wahrscheinlich in syrischer (nach anderen Quellen in… …   Universal-Lexikon

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