decolonization
decolonization [dē΄kə lō΄nē əl ə zā′shəndē käl΄ə nə zā′shən]
n.
the act or process of eliminating colonialism or freeing from colonial status: also decolonialization [dē΄kə lō΄nē əl ə zā′shən]
decolonize [dē käl′ə nīz΄]
vt., vi.
decolonized, decolonizing

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Process by which colonies become independent of the colonizing country.

Decolonization was gradual and peaceful for some British colonies largely settled by expatriates but violent for others, where native rebellions were energized by nationalism. After World War II, European countries generally lacked the wealth and political support necessary to suppress faraway revolts; they also faced opposition from the new superpowers, the U.S. and the Soviet Union, both of which had taken positions against colonialism. Korea was freed in 1945 by Japan's defeat in the war. The U.S. relinquished the Philippines in 1946. Britain left India in 1947, Palestine in 1948, and Egypt in 1956; it withdrew from Africa in the 1950s and '60s, from various island protectorates in the 1970s and '80s, and from Hong Kong in 1997. The French left Vietnam in 1954 and gave up its North African colonies by 1962. Portugal gave up its African colonies in the 1970s; Macau was returned to the Chinese in 1999.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Decolonization — (alternative spelling: decolonisation) refers to the undoing of colonialism, the unequal relation of polities whereby one people or nation establishes and maintains dependent Territory (courial governments) over another. It can be understood… …   Wikipedia

  • decolonization — n. 1. the action of changing from colonial to independent status. Syn: decolonisation. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • decolonization — 1853 in political sense, Amer.Eng., from DE (Cf. de ) + COLONIZATION (Cf. colonization). Earlier as a medical term …   Etymology dictionary

  • decolonization — (Amer.) n. act of making a colony independent (also decolonisation) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • decolonization — [dē΄kə lō΄nē əl ə zā′shəndē käl΄ə nə zā′shən] n. the act or process of eliminating colonialism or freeing from colonial status: also decolonialization [dē΄kə lō΄nē əl ə zā′shən] decolonize [dē käl′ə nīz΄] vt., vi. decolonized, decolonizing …   English World dictionary

  • decolonization — [[t]di͟ːkɒ̱lənaɪze͟ɪʃ(ə)n[/t]] N UNCOUNT Decolonization means giving political independence to a country that was previously a colony. Ant: colonization (in BRIT, also use decolonisation) …   English dictionary

  • decolonization — dekolonizacija statusas T sritis Politika apibrėžtis Procesas, kurio metu kolonijos ar kitos priklausomos teritorijos tampa nepriklausomomis valstybėmis. Procesas prasidėjo 18 a., kai nuo Britanijos atsiskyrė ir tapo nepriklausomos jos kolonijos… …   Politikos mokslų enciklopedinis žodynas

  • decolonization — noun see decolonize …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • decolonization — noun the freeing of a colony etc from dependent status by granting it independence See Also: decolonize …   Wiktionary

  • decolonization — de|col|o|ni|za|tion [ di,kalənı zeıʃn ] noun uncount the process by which a COLONY becomes independent from the country that used to control it …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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