crystallography


crystallography
/kris'tl og"reuh fee/, n.
the science dealing with crystallization and the forms and structure of crystals.
[1795-1805; CRYSTALLO- + -GRAPHY]

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Branch of science that deals with discerning the arrangement and bonding of atoms in crystalline solids and with the geometric structure of crystal lattices.

Classically, the optical properties of crystals were of value in mineralogy and chemistry for the identification of substances. Modern crystallography is largely based on the analysis of the diffraction of X rays by crystals acting as optical gratings. Chemists are able to determine the internal structures and bonding arrangements of minerals and molecules using X-ray crystallography, including the structures of large complex molecules such as proteins and DNA.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Crystallography — Crys tal*log ra*phy (kr[i^]s tal*l[o^]g r[.a]*f[y^]), n. [Gr. kry stallos crystal + graphy: cf. F. cristallographie. See {Crystal}.] 1. The doctrine or science of crystallization, teaching the system of forms among crystals, their structure, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • crystallography — ► NOUN ▪ the branch of science concerned with the structure and properties of crystals. DERIVATIVES crystallographer noun crystallographic adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • crystallography — [kris΄tə lä′grə fē] n. [ CRYSTALLO + GRAPHY] the science of the form, structure, properties, and classification of crystals crystallographic [kris΄tə lō graf′ik] adj. crystallographical …   English World dictionary

  • Crystallography — For the book of poetry, see Crystallography (book). A crystalline solid: atomic resolution image of strontium titanate. Brighter atoms are Sr and darker ones are Ti. Crystallography is the experimental science of the arrangement of atoms in… …   Wikipedia

  • crystallography — The study of the shape and atomic structure of crystals. * * * crys·tal·log·ra·phy .kris tə läg rə fē n, pl phies a science that deals with the forms and structures of crystals see X RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY crys·tal·log·ra·pher …   Medical dictionary

  • crystallography — kristalografija statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Mokslas, tiriantis kristalų susidarymą, sandarą, formą, savybes. atitikmenys: angl. crystallography vok. Kristallographie, f rus. кристаллография, f pranc.… …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • crystallography — kristalografija statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Mokslas, tiriantis kristalų susidarymą, sandarą, formą, savybes. atitikmenys: angl. crystallography rus. кристаллография …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • crystallography — kristalografija statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. crystallography vok. Kristallographie, f rus. кристаллография, f pranc. cristallographie, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • crystallography — noun Date: 1802 a science that deals with the forms and structures of crystals • crystallographer noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • crystallography — noun a) The experimental science of determining the arrangement of atoms in solids. b) The study of crystals …   Wiktionary


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