/krooh"zeuhr/, n.1. a person or thing that cruises.2. one of a class of warships of medium tonnage, designed for high speed and long cruising radius.3. See squad car.4. a vessel, esp. a power-driven one, intended for cruising.5. See cabin cruiser.6. Also called timber cruiser. a person who estimates the value of the timber in a tract of forest.7. Slang. a prostitute who walks the street soliciting customers.[1670-80; < D kruiser, equiv. to kruis(en) to CRUISE + -er -ER1]
* * *Warship built for high speed and great cruising radius, smaller than a battleship but larger than a destroyer.The term originally meant frigates of the sailing era, used to scout for enemy fleets and raid convoys. After 1880, it was a specific type of armoured warship. By World War II, cruisers served mainly as floating bases for amphibious assaults and as protection for aircraft-carrier task forces. Today U.S. cruisers carry surface-to-air missiles vital to a fleet's air-defense screen. Nuclear propulsion has given some cruisers virtually unlimited range.
* * *▪ warshipwarship built for high speed and great cruising radius, smaller than a battleship but larger than a destroyer.The word cruiser was applied originally to frigates of the sailing era, which, being smaller and faster than ships of the line, scouted for enemy fleets and cruised the seas hunting enemy convoys. As the designation for a specific type of warship, cruiser did not become current until about 1880, when navies had settled on iron-hulled ships powered solely by steam. Cruisers became the frigates of the steam era.By about 1900, cruisers were of two principal kinds; protected cruisers had steel armour plating only on their decks, while armoured cruisers also had armour extending down the sides of the hull. In the decades before World War I, armoured cruisers were eclipsed by cruisers as large as battleships (displacing up to 20,000 tons) and carrying dreadnought-style armament of big guns of uniform calibre. These so-called battle cruisers achieved greater speed—about 25 knots—by limiting the thickness of their armour. At the Battle of the Falkland Islands in December 1914, the advantages of speed and big guns were demonstrated when two British battle cruisers destroyed two German armoured cruisers. But the weakness of light armour became apparent at the Battle of Jutland in 1916, when Britain lost three battle cruisers to heavy German battleships.The Washington Treaty of 1922 limited cruisers to 10,000 tons, but many nations violated the treaty even before it was abandoned shortly before World War II. By then, cruisers had been deprived of their scouting functions by naval aircraft, and submarines had largely usurped their role as convoy raiders. During the war they served mostly as floating batteries for amphibious assaults and as part of air-defense screens protecting aircraft-carrier task forces. For this latter role, special antiaircraft cruisers were built, carrying as main armament about a dozen rapid-fire guns of only four to five inches.After the war gun armament was replaced by guided missiles. U.S. cruisers, which carried surface-to-air missiles, became the first line in a fleet's air-defense screen, while Soviet cruisers carried long-range antiship missiles and retained some of the ship-killing functions of earlier cruisers. A modern guided-missile cruiser typically has a length of about 600 feet (about 180 m), a displacement of 7,000 to 10,000 tons, a top speed of over 30 knots, and a crew of about 500. The introduction of cruise missiles has restored some of the offensive power of U.S. cruisers.Another important postwar development has been nuclear propulsion, which has given some cruisers virtually unlimited range.
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Cruiser — (englisch für Kreuzer) bezeichnet: Cruiser (Motorrad), eine Motorradbauform oder ausstattung Cruiser (Fahrrad), eine entsprechende Bauform eines Fahrrades Cruiser (Auto), ein Modell im Automobilbau Cruiser (Zeitung), ein Schweizer Schwulen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
cruiser — [ kruzɶr ] n. m. • 1879; mot angl. « croiseur » ♦ Anglic. Petit yacht prévu pour la navigation en mer. ● cruiser nom masculin (anglais cruiser, de l ancien néerlandais kruiser, croiseur) Yacht de croisière à moteur, de faible tonnage. cruiser… … Encyclopédie Universelle
cruiser — [kro͞oz′ər] n. 1. one that cruises, as a powerboat, airplane, or squad car 2. any of several types of fast and maneuverable warship smaller than a battleship and having less armor and firepower 3. CABIN CRUISER … English World dictionary
Cruiser — Cruis er (kr? z?r), n. One who, or a vessel that, cruises; Specif.: (Nav.) A man of war less heavily armed and armored than a battle ship, having great speed, and generally of from two thousand to twelve thousand tons displacement. [1913 Webster… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
cruiser — cruisér s. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic … Dicționar Român
cruiser — 1670s, agent noun from CRUISE (Cf. cruise), or, probably, borrowed from similar words in neighboring languages (e.g. Du. kruiser, Fr. croiseur), originally a warship built to cruise and protect commerce or chase hostile ships (but in 18c. often… … Etymology dictionary
cruiser — ► NOUN 1) a fast warship larger than a destroyer and less heavily armed than a battleship. 2) a yacht or motor boat with passenger accommodation. 3) N. Amer. a police patrol car … English terms dictionary
Cruiser — For other uses, see Cruiser (disambiguation). USS Port Royal (CG 73), a Ticonderoga class guided missile cruiser, launched in 1992. A cruiser is a type of warship. The term has been in use for several hundreds of years, and has had… … Wikipedia
Cruiser — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cruiser (homonymie). Cet article a pour sujet les chars Cruiser. Pour une définition du mot « cruiser », voir l’article cruiser du Wiktionnaire … Wikipédia en Français
Cruiser Mk II — Tank, Cruiser, Mk II (A10) Caractéristiques générales Équipage 5 (chef de char, tireur, pourvoyeur, conducteur, mitrailleur) Longueur 5,5 m Largeur 2,6 m … Wikipédia en Français
Cruiser Mk II — Tank, Cruiser, Mk II (A10) Type Cruiser tank Place of origin … Wikipedia