/kroyd"n/, n.a borough of Greater London, England: airport. 324,900.
* * *outer borough of London, in the historic county of Surrey, on the southern edge of the metropolis. It was established in 1965 by the amalgamation of the former county borough of Croydon and the adjacent district of Coulsdon and Purley. It includes the areas of (roughly from north to south) Upper Norwood, Norbury, South Norwood, Thornton Heath, Bensham Manor, West Thornton, Selhurst, Woodside, Broad Green, Addiscombe, Ashburton, Waddon (in part), Fairfield, Heathfield, Fieldway, Croham, Shirley, Selsdon and Ballards, New Addington, Purley, Sanderstead, Kenley, Coulsdon (East and West), and Whyteleaff (in part).There is evidence of prehistoric settlement throughout the area, and the manor of Croydon was recorded in AD 809 and in Domesday Book (1086). The manor was presented by William I the Conqueror to Archbishop Lanfranc (Lanfranc), founder of the manor house (now a girls' school) that became a summer palace of the archbishops of Canterbury; they sold the structure in 1781. During the 19th century the archbishops spent their summers at Addington Palace (now used as a conference centre). Five of the six archbishops who lived there are buried in Croydon's parish church, including John Whitgift (Whitgift, John), who founded the school and almshouses (1596–99) that bear his name. All Saints Church at Sanderstead has medieval wall paintings (restored 1976).Croydon was an old Surrey market town on the London-Brighton road prior to the 19th century, when it became engulfed by the suburban spread that followed the development of London's transportation system. In 1803 a line was completed between Croydon and Wandsworth by the Surrey Iron Railway, the first public goods railway (with horse-drawn wagons). It was followed in 1809 by the Croydon Canal and, partly on the line of the latter, by the London and Croydon Railway in 1839. Croydon Aerodrome, established in 1915 (closed in 1959), was the predecessor of Heathrow as London's civil airport. The borough suffered from extensive bombing during World War II. From 1956 its central district adjoining the main suburban railway stations was transformed by the development of office buildings and a large shopping precinct around Whitgift and Drummond malls. Fairfield Halls is a cultural centre including a concert hall, galleries, and theatres. Croydon Clocktower, which features a library, exhibition halls, a theatre, and arts workshops, opened in 1995. In addition to being one of London's larger shopping and cultural districts, this area has England's highest concentration of office space outside central London.Business and financial services account for the major share of employment, but there are also extensive light industries, especially engineering and electronics. Public open space is fairly extensive, covering about one-seventh of the borough. One-fourth of the population is composed of ethnic minorities, mostly South Asians and Afro-Caribbeans. Area 33 square miles (87 square km). Pop. (2001) 330,587.
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Croydon — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Situación del distrito de Croydon dentro del Gran Londres El distrito de Croydon (en inglés, London Borough of Croydon) es un distrito (borough) del Gran Londres situada al oeste de Bromley, al sur de Lam … Wikipedia Español
CROYDON — CROYD L’un des trente deux boroughs (ou arrondissements) du Grand Londres, et le plus peuplé de tous (310 000 hab. en 1951, 320 700 en 1992), Croydon est situé dans la partie sud de l’agglomération, à 15 kilomètres environ du centre de la… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Croydon — Croydon, PA U.S. Census Designated Place in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 9993 Housing Units (2000): 3875 Land area (2000): 2.479705 sq. miles (6.422405 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.479705 … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Croydon, PA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 9993 Housing Units (2000): 3875 Land area (2000): 2.479705 sq. miles (6.422405 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.479705 sq. miles… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Croydon — Croy don, n. [From Croydon, England.] 1. A kind of carriage like a gig, orig. of wicker work. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. A kind of cotton sheeting; also, a calico. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Croydon — (spr. Kreud n), alte Stadt in der englischen Grafschaft Surrey, an einem Kanal u. der Eisenbahn von London nach Brighton, die sich hier nach Epsom u. Kingston abzweigt; Schloß, Kirche, Hospital, Calicomanufacturen; Handel mit Getreide u.… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Croydon  — Croydon, in Ägypten eingeführter weißer Baumwollenstoff … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Croydon  — Croydon (spr. kreud n), Stadt (municipal borough) und Grafschaft im südöstlichen England, am Wandle, 16 km südlich von der Londonbrücke, Lieblingswohnsitz Londoner Kaufleute, mit der stattlichen St. Johanneskirche (1870 von G. Scott an Stelle der … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Croydon — (spr. kreud n), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Surrey, (1904) 144.419 E … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Croydon — [ krɔɪdn], ehemalige selbstständige Stadt in England, seit 1965 Stadtbezirk (London Borough) im Süden Londons, 298 500 Einwohner; vielseitige Industrie, Büronebenzentrum für die Londoner City; Verkehr: der einstige Flughafen (bis zum… … Universal-Lexikon
Croydon — [kroid′ n] borough of S Greater London, England: pop. 314,000 … English World dictionary