crown vetch


crown vetch
a plant, Coronilla varia, of the legume family, native to the Old World, having clusters of pink flowers and used to prevent erosion on banked roadsides. Also called axseed.
[1895-1900]

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Vigorous trailing legume (Coronilla varia), native to the Mediterranean but widely grown in temperate areas as a ground cover.

It has fernlike leaves and clusters of white to pink flowers. The sturdy roots are useful in binding the soil of steep slopes and roadside embankments. As a legume, crown vetch draws nitrogen from the air, trapping it in the roots, and thus improves soil fertility. It dies back to the crown each fall in cold areas, resuming growth in spring. Cutting the plant back in the fall or early spring encourages quick growth.

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plant
      (Coronilla varia), vigorous trailing plant, of the pea family (Fabaceae), native to the Mediterranean region but widely grown in temperate areas as a ground cover. It has fernlike leaves and clusters of white to pink flowers. The sturdy roots are useful in binding the soil of steep slopes and roadside embankments. As a legume, crown vetch draws nitrogen from the air, trapping it in the roots, and thus improves soil fertility.

      Crown vetch dies back to the crown each fall in cold areas, resuming growth in spring. Quick growth of the plant is encouraged by cutting it back in the fall or early spring. The varieties C. varia ‘Penngift' and ‘Emerald' are dense, deep-green plants with large attractive flower clusters.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • crown vetch — crown′ vetch n. pln an Old World low plant, Coronilla varia, of the legume family, naturalized in the NE U.S. and planted as a ground cover …   From formal English to slang

  • crown vetch — n. a European plant (Coronilla varia) of the pea family, with pink and white flowers: sometimes cultivated in the U.S. as a ground cover, esp. along highways …   English World dictionary

  • crown vetch — noun European herb resembling vetch; naturalized in the eastern United States; having umbels of pink and white flowers and sharp angled pods • Syn: ↑axseed, ↑Coronilla varia • Hypernyms: ↑coronilla • Member Holonyms: ↑genus Coronilla * * * …   Useful english dictionary

  • crown-vetch — dvispalvis raženis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pupinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, pašarinis augalas (Securigera varia), paplitęs Europoje ir Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Securigera varia angl. axseed; crown vetch; trailing crown vetch vok.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • crown vetch — noun Date: circa 1900 a Eurasian herb (Coronilla varia) of the legume family that is naturalized in the eastern United States and has umbels of pink and white flowers and sharp angled pods …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • trailing crown-vetch — dvispalvis raženis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pupinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, pašarinis augalas (Securigera varia), paplitęs Europoje ir Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Securigera varia angl. axseed; crown vetch; trailing crown vetch vok.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Crown — or The Crown may refer to: Crown (anatomy), a part of the head or of a hat Headgear Coronet, a small crown consisting of ornaments fixed on a metal ring. Unlike a crown, a coronet never has arches.[citation needed] Crown (headgear), ceremonial… …   Wikipedia

  • vetch — vetchlike, adj. /vech/, n. 1. any of several mostly climbing plants belonging to the genus Vicia, of the legume family, having pinnate leaves ending in tendrils and bearing pealike flowers, esp. V. sativa (spring vetch), cultivated for forage and …   Universalium

  • crown — crownless, adj. /krown/, n. 1. any of various types of headgear worn by a monarch as a symbol of sovereignty, often made of precious metal and ornamented with valuable gems. 2. a similar ornamental headgear worn by a person designated king or… …   Universalium

  • vetch — noun Etymology: Middle English fecche, veche, from Middle French dialect (Norman & Picard) veche, from Latin vicia; perhaps akin to Latin vincire to bind Date: 14th century any of a genus (Vicia) of herbaceous twining leguminous plants including… …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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