Cronus


Cronus
/kroh"neuhs/, n. Class. Myth.
a Titan, son of Uranus and Gaea, who was dethroned by his son Zeus. Cf. Saturn.

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or Cronos or Kronos

In Greek religion, a male agricultural deity.

He was the youngest of the 12 Titans borne by Uranus and Gaea, and his castration of his father separated heaven from earth. With his sister and consort Rhea, he fathered Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Poseidon, all of whom he swallowed because he had been warned that he would be overthrown by his own child. Rhea hid his son Zeus and tricked Cronus into swallowing a stone; Zeus later forced Cronus to disgorge the others and then vanquished him in war. He was identified with the Roman god Saturn.

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also spelled  Cronos  or  Kronos 

      in ancient Greek religion, male deity who was worshipped by the pre-Hellenic population of Greece but probably was not widely worshipped by the Greeks themselves; he was later identified with the Roman god Saturn. Cronus's functions were connected with agriculture; in Attica his festival, the Kronia, celebrated the harvest and resembled the Saturnalia. In art he was depicted as an old man holding an implement, probably originally a sickle but interpreted as a harpē, or curved sword.

      In Greek mythology Cronus was the son of Uranus (Heaven) and Gaea (Earth), being the youngest of the 12 Titans. On the advice of his mother he castrated his father with a harpē, thus separating Heaven from Earth. He now became the king of the Titans, and took for his consort his sister Rhea; she bore by him Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Poseidon, all of whom he swallowed because his own parents had warned that he would be overthrown by his own child. When Zeus was born, however, Rhea hid him in Crete and tricked Cronus into swallowing a stone instead. Zeus grew up, forced Cronus to disgorge his brothers and sisters, waged war on Cronus, and was victorious. After his defeat by Zeus, Cronus became, according to different versions of his story, either a prisoner in Tartarus or king in Elysium. According to one tradition, the period of Cronus's rule was a golden age for mortals.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CRONUS — vulgo Niemen, fluv. Lithuaniae. Vide Chronius fluv …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Cronus — from Gk. Kronos, youngest of the first generation of Titans, and their leader; of uncertain origin, but probably not related to Chronos, personification of time …   Etymology dictionary

  • Cronus — [krō′nəs] n. [L < Gr Kronos] Gr. Myth. a Titan who overthrows his father, Uranus, to become ruler of the universe and is himself overthrown by his son Zeus: identified with the Roman Saturn …   English World dictionary

  • Cronus — Not to be confused with Chronos, the personification of time. For other uses, see Cronus (disambiguation). Cronus Abode Earth Symbol …   Wikipedia

  • Cronus, S. — S. Cronus (Crosnus), ein Priester und Einsiedler in Aegypten, der im 4. Jahrh. zur Zeit des Rufinus lebte. (Mg.) …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Cronus — noun Etymology: Latin, from Greek Kronos Date: 1664 a Titan dethroned by his son Zeus …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Cronus — noun The youngest of the twelve Titans, son of Uranus and Gaia; father to Zeus, Hades, and Poseidon (formerly known to the gods as “The Big Three”). Dethroned his father and was subsequently dethroned by his son …   Wiktionary

  • Cronus — Synonyms and related words: Agdistis, Amor, Aphrodite, Apollo, Apollon, Ares, Artemis, Ate, Athena, Bacchus, Ceres, Cora, Cupid, Cybele, Demeter, Despoina, Diana, Dionysus, Dis, Eros, Father Time, Gaea, Gaia, Ge, Great Mother, Hades, Helios,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • CRONUS — Objektorientiertes, betriebssystemunabhängiges (Netzbetriebs )System, entwickelt von BBN ( > The Matrix ) …   Acronyms

  • Cronus — Cro|nus also Kronos in Greek ↑mythology, a son of ↑Uranus and one of the Titans, who became ruler of the world until he was defeated by ↑Zeus. In Roman mythology his name is ↑Saturn …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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