crocus


crocus
crocused, adj.
/kroh"keuhs/, n., pl. crocuses.
1. any of the small, bulbous plants of the genus Crocus, of the iris family, cultivated for their showy, solitary flowers, which are among the first to bloom in the spring.
2. the flower or bulb of the crocus.
3. a deep yellow; orangish yellow; saffron.
4. Also called crocus martis /mahr"tis/. a polishing powder consisting of iron oxide.
[1350-1400; ME < L < Gk krókos saffron, crocus < Sem; cf. Ar kurkum saffron]

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Any of about 75 species of low-growing plants, with corms, that make up the genus Crocus (iris family), native to the Alps, southern Europe, and the Mediterranean and widely grown for their cuplike blooms in early spring or fall.

The spring-flowering sorts have a floral tube so long that the ovary is belowground, sheltered from climatic changes. Saffron comes from C. sativus of western Asia. The alpine C. vernus is the chief ancestor of the common garden crocus. Dutch yellow crocus (C. flavus) and C. biflorus are popular spring-flowering species.

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▪ plant genus
 genus of about 75 low-growing, cormose species of plants of the iris family (Iridaceae), native to the Alps, southern Europe, and the Mediterranean area and widely grown for their cuplike blooms in early spring or fall. The spring-flowering sorts have a floral tube so long that the ovary is belowground, sheltered from climatic changes. The flowers close at night and in dull weather. saffron, used for dye, seasoning, and medicine, is the dried, feathery, orange tip of the pistils of the lilac or white, autumn-flowering C. sativus of western Asia. The alpine species, C. vernus, is the chief ancestor of the common garden crocus. Dutch yellow crocus (C. flavus), from stony slopes in southeastern Europe, is another popular spring species, as is C. biflorus, tinged purple and with yellow throat, sometimes striped, from the Mediterranean.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • crocus — [ krɔkys ] n. m. • 1372; mot lat.; gr. krokos « safran » ♦ Plante herbacée bulbeuse (iridacées) à floraison précoce. Crocus printanier à fleurs blanches, mauves. Espèce de crocus cultivée. ⇒ 1. safran. ● crocus nom masculin (latin crocus, du grec …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Crocus — Cro cus (kr[=o] k[u^]s), n. [L., saffron, fr. Gr. kro kos; cf. Heb. kark[=o]m, Ar. kurkum, Skr. ku[.n]kuma.] 1. (Bot.) A genus of iridaceous plants, with pretty blossoms rising separately from the bulb or corm. {Crocus vernus} is one of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • crocus — late 14c., from L. crocus, from Gk. krokos saffron, crocus, probably of Semitic origin (Cf. Arabic kurkum), ultimately from Skt. kunkumam, unless the Sanskrit word is from the Semitic one. The autumnal crocus (Crocus sativa) was a common source… …   Etymology dictionary

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  • crocus — [krō′kəs] n. pl. crocuses or croci [krō′sī΄] [ME < L < Gr krokos, saffron, via Sem (as in Heb karkōm, Ar kurkum, Aram kūrkāmā, saffron, crocus), ult. < Sans kuṅkumam] 1. any of a large genus (Crocus) of spring blooming plants of the iris …   English World dictionary

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  • Crocus [1] — Crocus (C. L.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Irideae, 3. Kl. 1. Ordn. L., mit einfacher, blumenartiger, regelmäßig trichterförmiger Blüthenhülle, die eine sehr lange Röhre u. einen sechstheilig glockigen Saum hat; 3 Staubgefäße an der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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