Cotswold


Cotswold
/kots"wohld, -weuhld/, n.
one of an English breed of large sheep having coarse, long wool.
[named after the COTSWOLDS, where the breed originated]

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      district, administrative county of Gloucestershire, south-central England, in the eastern part of the county. Most of the district lies within the historic county of Gloucestershire. However, a small area west of Westonbirt belongs to the historic county of Wiltshire. The district also includes areas surrounding the following parishes that belong to the historic county of Worcestershire: Daylesford, Evenlode, Aston Magna, Blockley, Paxford, and Cutsdean. The district spans most of the eastern slopes of the Cotswold Hills (Cotswolds), a limestone tableland that gradually descends from 1,083 to about 600 feet (330 to 180 metres).

 From the 14th through the 18th century the grazing of the Cotswold breed of sheep (now nearly extinct) brought great prosperity to the wool traders and cloth merchants of the district; this former prosperity is still evident in the churches and other buildings that grace the villages and market towns strung along the lower easterly edge of the undulating tableland of the Cotswolds. Among the district's villages and towns are Bourton-on-the-Water, Stow-on-the-Wold, Bibury, Lower Slaughter, and Northleach in the central part of the district, Chipping Campden in the north, and Cirencester, the district seat, in the south. Old homes in these towns were often built of the local limestone and have gabled roofs of stone or tile. Market halls, Tudor houses, and churches, particularly of the Perpendicular Gothic architectural style of the 14th–16th centuries, reflect the district's former wealth; the 28 painted glass windows from the 15th–16th centuries in the parish church of St. Mary at Fairford, 8 miles (13 km) east of Cirencester, were designed by Flemish artisans and are excellent examples of the period.

      The thin but fertile loams of Cotswold district are primarily used to grow barley, wheat, and corn (maize). Cattle have replaced sheep as the principal livestock. Dairy cattle graze the headwaters area of the River Thames and its associated clay valley (300 feet [90 metres] high) along the southern border of the district. In the extreme north the district extends into the Vale of Evesham, a market gardening region particularly known for its brussels sprouts, asparagus, and peas. Area 452 square miles (1,170 square km). Pop. (2001) 80,379.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cotswold — District Lage in Gloucestershire Status District Region South West England Verw.grafschaft Gloucestershire …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cotswold — Cots wold (k?ts w?ld ), n. [Cot a cottage or hut + wold an open country.] An open country abounding in sheepcotes, as in the Cotswold hills, in Gloucestershire, England. [1913 Webster] {Cotswold sheep}, a long wooled breed of sheep, formerly… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cotswold — [käts′wōld, käts′wəld] n. any of a breed of sheep with long wool, orig. from the Cotswold Hills …   English World dictionary

  • Cotswold — Cotswold, Hügelreihe in der englischen Grafschaft Gloucestershire; 6 Meilen lang, 4 breit …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cotswold — (izg. kòtsvōld) m DEFINICIJA agr. pasmina ovaca uzgojena u Engleskoj, sada i u SAD u, krupna, daje kvalitetnu vunu i kvalitetno meso ETIMOLOGIJA engl …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Cotswold — The Cotswolds are a range of hills in central England that give their name (usually as a singular) to:*Cotswold (district) *Cotswold (UK Parliament constituency) *Cotswold Chase, a horse race *Cotswold Games, annual games in Chipping Campden,… …   Wikipedia

  • Cotswold — noun Etymology: Cotswold Hills, England Date: circa 1658 any of an English breed of large long wooled sheep …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Cotswold — adjective /ˈkɒts.wəʊld/ a) Of or pertaining to the Cotswolds range of hills. is an attractive Cotswold village b) A style of traditional Morris dancing originating from the Cotswolds area of England …   Wiktionary

  • Cotswold — [ kɒtswəʊld] noun a sheep of a breed with fine wool, often used to produce cross bred lambs. Origin from the Cotswold Hills in central England …   English new terms dictionary

  • Cotswold — noun sheep with long wool originating in the Cotswold Hills • Hypernyms: ↑domestic sheep, ↑Ovis aries …   Useful english dictionary


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