- cosmological argument
an argument for the existence of God, asserting that the contingency of each entity, and of the universe composed wholly of such entities, demands the admission of an adequate external cause, which is God. Also called cosmological proof. Cf. first-cause argument.
* * *Form of argument used in natural theology to prove the existence of God.Thomas Aquinas, in his Summa theologiae, presented two versions of the cosmological argument: the first-cause argument and the argument from contingency. The first-cause argument begins with the fact that there is change in the world, and a change is always the effect of some cause or causes. Each cause is itself the effect of a further cause or set of causes; this chain moves in a series that either never ends or is completed by a first cause, which must be of a radically different nature in that it is not itself caused. Such a first cause is an important aspect, though not the entirety, of what Christianity means by God. The argument from contingency follows by another route a similar basic movement of thought from the nature of the world to its ultimate ground.
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Cosmological argument — The cosmological argument is an argument for the existence of a First Cause (or instead, an Uncaused cause) to the universe, and by extension is often used as an argument for the existence of an unconditioned or supreme being, usually then… … Wikipedia
cosmological argument — An influential argument (or family of arguments) for the existence of God. Its premises are that all natural things are dependent for their existence on something else; the totality of dependent beings must then itself depend upon a non dependent … Philosophy dictionary
cosmological argument — Philos. an argument for the existence of God, asserting that the contingency of each entity, and of the universe composed wholly of such entities, demands the admission of an adequate external cause, which is God. Also called cosmological proof.… … Useful english dictionary
cosmological argument — see argument, cosmological … Christian Philosophy
COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT — an attempt to prove the existence of GOD from the empirical fact that things exist. The argument is based on the view that being contingent the UNIVERSE requires the existence of a non contingent God. Although the argument was savaged by David … Concise dictionary of Religion
cosmological argument — noun A type of argument for the existence of God, advanced by a number of philosophers, including and , which maintains that, since every thing and event has a cause, there must be a first cause (God) which is itself uncaused and which causes… … Wiktionary
cosmological argument — This expression refers to a variety of arguments for the existence of God based on cosmology; in general, each argument examines a particular aspect of the existing world and shows that it implies the existence of God … Glossary of theological terms
cosmological argument for God — Космологическое доказательство бытия Бога … Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов
Kalam cosmological argument — The Kalām cosmological argument is a contemporary version of the cosmological argument taking its form from Kalām, a form of dialectical argument used in Islamic philosophy.Fact|date=February 2008. It attempts to prove the existence of God by… … Wikipedia
kalām cosmological argument — see argument, cosmological … Christian Philosophy