correlation


correlation
correlational, adj.
/kawr'euh lay"sheuhn, kor'-/, n.
1. mutual relation of two or more things, parts, etc.
2. the act of correlating or state of being correlated.
3. Statistics. the degree to which two or more attributes or measurements on the same group of elements show a tendency to vary together.
4. Physiol. the interdependence or reciprocal relations of organs or functions.
5. Geol. the demonstrable equivalence, in age or lithology, of two or more stratigraphic units, as formations or members of such.
Also, esp. Brit., corelation.
[1555-65; < ML correlation- (s. of correlatio). See COR-, RELATION]

* * *

In statistics, the degree of association between two random variables.

The correlation between the graphs of two data sets is the degree to which they resemble each other. However, correlation is not the same as causation, and even a very close correlation may be no more than a coincidence. Mathematically, a correlation is expressed by a correlation coefficient that ranges from -1 (never occur together), through 0 (absolutely independent), to 1 (always occur together).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • corrélation — [ kɔrelasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1718; correlacion v. 1420; bas lat. correlatio 1 ♦ Philos. Rapport entre deux phénomènes (⇒ corrélat) qui varient en fonction l un de l autre. ⇒ correspondance, interdépendance, réciprocité. ♢ Statist. Coefficient de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Correlation — Corrélation Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Correlation — Cor re*la tion ( l? sh?n), n. [LL. correlatio; L. cor + relatio: cf. F. corr[ e]lation. Cf. {Correlation}.] Reciprocal relation; corresponding similarity or parallelism of relation or law; capacity of being converted into, or of giving place to,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • correlation — I noun analogy, chain, collation, comparison, connection, corollary, correspondence, counterpart, equivalence, functionality, interchange, interconnection, interdependence, likeness, mutual, mutuality, parity, proportion, quid pro quo,… …   Law dictionary

  • correlation — 1560s, from M.Fr. corrélation, from cor together (see COM (Cf. com )) + relation (see RELATION (Cf. relation)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • correlation — [kôr΄ə lā′shən, kär΄ə lā′shən] n. [ML correlatio: see COM & RELATION] 1. mutual relationship or connection 2. the degree of relative correspondence, as between two sets of data [a correlation of 75%] 3. a correlating or being correlated… …   English World dictionary

  • Correlation — (v. lat.), 1) gegenseitige Beziehung; 2) Beziehung von 2 Wörtern od. Sätzen auf einander, so daß das od. der eine die Frage od. den Satz, das od. der andere die Antwort od. die Vergleichung enthält. Hieher gehören Comparatiwerhältnisse u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • corrélation — CORRÉLATION. s. fém. Relation réciproque entre deux choses. Il n est d usage que dans le didactique. Les termes de père et de fils emportentcorrélation …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • correlation — [n] equating, equivalence alternation, analogue, complement, correspondence, correspondent, counterpart, interaction, interchange, interconnection, interdependence, interrelation, interrelationship, match, parallel, pendant, reciprocity,… …   New thesaurus

  • correlation — ► NOUN 1) a mutual relationship. 2) the process of correlating two or more things. 3) Statistics interdependence of variable quantities …   English terms dictionary

  • Correlation — In probability theory and statistics, correlation, (often measured as a correlation coefficient), indicates the strength and direction of a linear relationship between two random variables. In general statistical usage, correlation or co relation …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.