cord


cord
corder, n.cordlike, adj.
/kawrd/, n.
1. a string or thin rope made of several strands braided, twisted, or woven together.
2. Elect. a small, flexible, insulated cable.
3. a ribbed fabric, esp. corduroy.
4. a cordlike rib on the surface of cloth.
5. any influence that binds or restrains: cord of marriage.
6. Anat. a cordlike structure: the spinal cord; umbilical cord.
7. a unit of volume used chiefly for fuel wood, now generally equal to 128 cu. ft. (3.6 cu. m), usually specified as 8 ft. long, 4 ft. wide, and 4 ft. high (2.4 m × 1.2 m × 1.2 m). Abbr.: cd, cd.
8. a hangman's rope.
v.t.
9. to bind or fasten with a cord or cords.
10. to pile or stack up (wood) in cords.
11. to furnish with a cord.
[1250-1300; ME coord(e) < AF, OF corde < L chorda < Gk chordé gut; confused in part of its history with CHORD1]

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      unit of volume for measuring stacked firewood. A cord is generally equivalent to a stack 4 × 4 × 8 feet (128 cubic feet), and its principal subdivision is the cord foot, which measures 4 × 4 × 1 feet. A standard cord consists of sticks or pieces 4 feet long stacked in a 4 × 8-foot rick. A short cord is a 4 × 8-foot rick of pieces shorter than 4 feet, and a long cord is a similar rick of pieces longer than 4 feet. A face cord is a 4 × 8-foot stack of pieces 1 foot long. The cord was originally devised in order to measure firewood and was so named because a line, string, or cord was used to tie the wood into a bundle.

      The useful amount of wood a cord actually contains varies greatly, depending upon such factors as the type of wood, the size and straightness of the pieces, and the amount of bark present. A tree with a usable height of 40 feet and a circumference of 6.25 feet will contain about one cord of wood.

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Universalium. 2010.

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