corbel


corbel
/kawr"beuhl/, n., v., corbeled, corbeling or (esp. Brit.) corbelled, corbelling. Archit.
n.
1. any bracket, esp. one of brick or stone, usually of slight extent.
2. a short horizontal timber supporting a girder.
v.t.
3. to set (bricks, stones, etc.) so as to form a corbel or corbels (usually fol. by out).
4. to support by means of a corbel or corbels.
[1375-1425; late ME < MF < ML corvellus, equiv. to L corv(us) RAVEN1 + -ellus dim. suffix]

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Block or brick partially embedded in a wall, with one end projecting out from the face.

The weight of added masonry above counterbalances the cantilever and keeps the block from falling out of the wall. Corbeling often occurs over several courses, with each block or brick overhanging the one below so as to resemble a set of inverted steps. The form may be continuous, as in a corbeled arch, or a series of separate brackets, as on a medieval battlement. Corbeling was used extensively before the development of true arches and vaults.

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      in architecture, bracket or weight-carrying member, built deeply into the wall so that the pressure on its embedded portion counteracts any tendency to overturn or fall outward. The name derives from a French word meaning crow, because of the corbel's beaklike shape. Corbels may be individual pieces of stone, separate from each other like brackets (bracket), as in the case of many elaborately carved medieval and Renaissance cornices, or they may be continuous courses of masonry, such as the corbels under projecting oriel windows.

 A corbel arch consists of two opposing sets of overlapping corbels, resembling inverted staircases, which meet at a peak and create a structure strong enough to support weight from above. Babylonian architecture made wide use of corbel arches. When such arches are used in a series, they become a corbel vault, which, as in the Mayan style, can support a roof or upper story. Corbel vaults and arches were useful in cultures that had not yet developed curving arches and other ceiling structures. Structural corbeling has fallen out of general use in contemporary architecture.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Corbel — Cor bel, v. t. To furnish with a corbel or corbels; to support by a corbel; to make in the form of a corbel. [1913 Webster] {To corbel out}, to furnish with a corbel of courses, each projecting beyond the one next below it. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Corbel — bezeichnet eine Gemeinde in der französischen Region Rhône Alpes, siehe: Corbel (Savoie) eine serifenlose Microsoft Schrift, siehe; Corbel (Schriftart) Corbel ist außerdem der Familienname folgender Personen: Cécile Corbel (* 1980), französische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Corbel — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Corbel puede referirse a: Corbel (Saboya), Rhône Alpes, Francia Corbel (fuente tipográfica), una fuente tipográfica. Obtenido de Corbel Categoría: Wikipedia:Desambiguación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Corbel — Cor bel (k[^o]r b[e^]l), n. [F. corbeau, for older corbel, dim. of L. corbis basket. (Corbels were often in the form of a basket.) See {Corbeil}.] (Arch.) A bracket supporting a superincumbent object, or receiving the spring of an arch. Corbels… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • corbel — mid 14c., from O.Fr. corbel, dim. of corb raven, from L. corvus (see RAVEN (Cf. raven)); so called from its beaked shape …   Etymology dictionary

  • corbel — ► NOUN ▪ a projection jutting out from a wall to support a structure above it. DERIVATIVES corbelled (US corbeled) adjective corbelling (US corbeling) noun. ORIGIN Old French, little crow , from Latin corvus raven (perhaps because the shape of a… …   English terms dictionary

  • corbel — [kôr′bəl, kôr′bel΄] n. [OFr, dim. of corb < L corvus, RAVEN1: so called from its beaked shape] 1. a piece of stone, wood, or metal, often in the form of a bracket, projecting from the side of a wall and serving to support a cornice, the spring …   English World dictionary

  • Corbel — Corbel, Muschel, so v. w. Corbule …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Corbel — For other uses, see Corbel (disambiguation). Elaborately decorated classical style stone corbels support balconies on a building in Indianapolis …   Wikipedia

  • Corbel — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Corbel peut désigner : Corbel, commune française de la Savoie, limitrophe de l’Isère. Cécile Corbel (1980) harpiste et chanteuse française, Claude… …   Wikipédia en Français