copra


copra
/kop"reuh, koh"preuh/, n.
the dried kernel or meat of the coconut from which coconut oil is expressed.
Also, copperah.
[1575-85; < Pg < Malayalam koppara < Hindi khopra coconut]

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▪ coconut product
      dried sections of the meat of the coconut, the kernel of the fruit of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera). Copra is valued for the coconut oil extracted from it and for the resulting residue, coconut-oil cake, which is used mostly for livestock feed.

      Copra was introduced as a source of edible fat in northern Europe in the 1860s because of a shortage of dairy fats. Early in the 20th century it became known in the United States. Western Europe now imports about half a million tons annually, principally from the Philippines, but it is also an important export in Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu (formerly the New Hebrides), Mozambique, Malaysia, and the Pacific Islands.

      Naturally growing coconut palms are a significant source of copra, but commercial estates and plantations now predominate. The nuts are husked by bringing them down forcibly on a sharp point, by hand or mechanically. The shell is then cracked, usually into two halves, with a chopping knife, exposing the meat, which is about 50 percent water and 30 to 40 percent oil. About 30 nuts provide meat for 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of copra. Whole copra, also called ball or edible copra, is produced by the less common drying of the intact, whole nut kernel.

      Exposing the kernels to the air and sun was the earliest method of drying and is still extensively followed; it gives a good quality white copra. A more rapid process, adopted particularly where the humidity is high, is kiln drying, used generally in the Philippines. The kiln, essentially a fire pit overlaid with a grid, on which the copra is placed, is sheltered from rain by a roof. More uniform quality copra is produced by hot-air drying, first introduced in India and the Samoan islands. The copra is drawn through a heated tunnel, meeting a countercurrent of hot air. A fine, white copra of higher value than the sun-dried product is obtained. Well-dried copra contains 4 to 5 percent moisture and 63 to 70 percent oil.

      Coconut oil is obtained from the cleaned and crushed copra chiefly by pressing and solvent extraction.

      Coconut oil is a yellowish white solid that melts at 23° C (74° F). The crude product has a characteristic coconut odour. Its many industrial uses include manufacture of soaps, detergents, shampoos, synthetic rubber, and glycerin. After refining to remove free fatty acids and deodorizing, coconut oil is used in edible fats such as margarines and vegetable shortenings. An important food use of coconut oil arises from its high percentage of lauric acid, which is saturated and so resists oxidation and rancidity. Confectioners (candy) and bakers use refined coconut oil in products that may stand for a time after manufacture.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • copra — ou coprah [ kɔpra ] n. m. • 1866; copra 1602; port. copra, lui même empr. à un dial. tamoul koppara ♦ Amande de coco décortiquée. Huile de copra. ● coprah ou copra nom masculin (du tamoul kopparā) Amande de coco prête pour l extraction d une… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Copra — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La copra es la pulpa seca del coco (fruto de Cocos nucifera L., Arecaceae) y su nombre se deriva de una palabra en malayalam: koppara que significa, coco seco. El aceite de coco se extrae rallando la copra e… …   Wikipedia Español

  • copră — CÓPRĂ, copre, s.f. Miezul uscat al nucii de cocos, folosit ca materie primă pentru obţinerea untului de cocos; uleiul conţinut de acest miez. – Din fr. copra. Trimis de IoanSoleriu, 23.05.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  cópră s. f. (sil. pră), g. d. art.… …   Dicționar Român

  • copra — CÓPRA s.f. Miez uscat de nucă de cocos, care conţine ulei; uleiul conţinut de acest miez. [< it., sp. copra]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 20.04.2006. Sursa: DN …   Dicționar Român

  • copra — dried kernel of coconut, 1580s, from Port. copra (16c.), from Malayalam koppara (cognate with Hindi khopra) coconut; related to Hindi khopri skull, from Skt. kharparah skull …   Etymology dictionary

  • copra — sustantivo femenino 1. (no contable) Médula de coco desecada de la que se obtiene el aceite de coco: En el sigloXIXse desencadenaron varias guerras por el control mundial de la copra …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Copra — Co pra, n. [Malay[ a]lam koppara or Hind. khopr[=a].] (Com.) The dried meat of the cocoanut, from which cocoanut oil is expressed. [Written also {cobra}, {copperah}, {coppra}.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Copra — (span.), getrocknete Cocoskerne …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Copra — Copra, s. Kopra …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • copra — sarna o comezón debida a esta [ICD 10: B88.0] Copracasia incapacidad de retener los excrementos. Incontinencia Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010 …   Diccionario médico

  • copra — s. f. Miolo de coco avelado …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa


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