v. /keuhn trast", kon"trast/; n. /kon"trast/, v.t.1. to compare in order to show unlikeness or differences; note the opposite natures, purposes, etc., of: Contrast the political rights of Romans and Greeks.v.i.2. to exhibit unlikeness on comparison with something else; form a contrast.3. Ling. to differ in a way that can serve to distinguish meanings: The sounds (p) and (b) contrast in the words "pin" and "bin."n.4. the act of contrasting; the state of being contrasted.5. a striking exhibition of unlikeness.6. a person or thing that is strikingly unlike in comparison: The weather down here is a welcome contrast to what we're having back home.7. opposition or juxtaposition of different forms, lines, or colors in a work of art to intensify each element's properties and produce a more dynamic expressiveness.8. Photog. the relative difference between light and dark areas of a print or negative.9. Television. the brightness ratio of the lightest to the darkest part of the television screen image.10. Ling. a difference between linguistic elements, esp. sounds, that can serve to distinguish meanings.[1480-90; (v.) < MF contraster < It contrastare to contest < L contra- CONTRA-1 + stare to STAND; (n.) earlier contraste < F < It contrasto conflict, deriv. of contrastare]Syn. 1. differentiate, discriminate, distinguish, oppose.
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