consulate

consulate
/kon"seuh lit/, n.
1. the premises officially occupied by a consul.
2. the position, work, authority, or term of service of a consul.
3. (often cap.) a government by consuls, as in France from 1799 to 1804.
[1350-1400; ME < L consulatus, equiv. to consul CONSUL + -atus -ATE3]

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(1799–1804) French government established after the Coup of 18–19 Brumaire.

The Constitution of the Year VIII created an executive consisting of three consuls, but the First Consul, Napoleon, wielded all real power, while the other two, Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes and Pierre-Roger Ducos (1747–1816), were figureheads. The principles of representation and legislative supremacy were discarded. The executive branch was given the power to draft new laws, and the legislative branch became little more than a rubber stamp. Elections became an elaborate charade, with voters stripped of real power. Napoleon abolished the Consulate when he declared himself emperor.

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Universalium. 2010.

Синонимы:

См. также в других словарях:

  • consulate — con‧su‧late [ˈkɒnsjlt ǁ ˈkɑːnslt] also Consulate noun [countable] the official building in which a consul lives and works: • The Embassy or Consulate of the country you are visiting will advise you what documents are required. * * * consulate …   Financial and business terms

  • consulate — con·sul·ate / kän sə lət/ n 1: the office, term of office, or jurisdiction of a consul 2: the residence or official premises of a consul Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • consulate — [kän′səlit] n. [ME consulat < L consulatus] 1. the position, powers, and functions of a consul 2. the office or residence of a consul 3. the term of office of a consul; consulship 4. a government by consuls the Consulate [Fr Consulat] …   English World dictionary

  • Consulate — Con su*late, n. [L. consulatus: cf. F. consulat.] 1. The office of a consul. Addison. [1913 Webster] 2. The jurisdiction or residence of a consul. Kent. [1913 Webster] 3. Consular government; term of office of a consul. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • consulate — late 14c., government of Rome by the consuls, from L. consulatus office of a consul, from consul (see CONSUL (Cf. consul)). Also used in reference to the consular government of France from 1799 1804. In reference to the office of a modern consul …   Etymology dictionary

  • consulate — [n] embassy consular office, government office, ministry; concepts 439,449 …   New thesaurus

  • consulate — ► NOUN 1) the place where a consul works. 2) (in ancient Rome) the period of office of a consul or the system of government by consuls …   English terms dictionary

  • Consulate —    The Consulate (Consulat) was the government of France that derived from Napoléon Bonaparte s coup d état of 18 Brumaire Year VIII (November 9, 1799) and replaced the directory (see napoléon i). It lasted from November 10, 1799, to May 18, 1804 …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • consulate — n. a consulate general * * * [ kɒnsjʊlɪt] a consulate general …   Combinatory dictionary

  • consulate — [[t]kɒ̱nsjʊlət, AM sə [/t]] consulates N COUNT: oft supp N A consulate is the place where a consul works. They managed to make contact with the British consulate in Lyons …   English dictionary

  • consulate — UK [ˈkɒnsjʊlət] / US [ˈkɑnsələt] noun [countable] Word forms consulate : singular consulate plural consulates the government building in which a consul works …   English dictionary


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