conjunction


conjunction
conjunctional, adj.conjunctionally, adv.
/keuhn jungk"sheuhn/, n.
1. Gram.
a. any member of a small class of words distinguished in many languages by their function as connectors between words, phrases, clauses, or sentences, as and, because, but, however.
b. any other word or expression of similar function, as in any case.
2. the act of conjoining; combination.
3. the state of being conjoined; union; association: The police, in conjunction with the army, established order.
4. a combination of events or circumstances.
5. Logic.
a. a compound proposition that is true if and only if all of its component propositions are true.
b. the relation among the components of such a proposition, usually expressed by AND or & or.
6. Astron.
a. the coincidence of two or more heavenly bodies at the same celestial longitude.
b. the state of two or more such coinciding heavenly bodies.
7. Astrol. the coincidence of two or more heavenly bodies at the same celestial longitude, characterized by a unification of the planetary energies; an astrological aspect.
[1350-1400; ME conjunccio(u)n ( < AF) < L conjunction- (s. of conjunctio). See CONJUNCT, -ION]
Syn. 2. joining, meeting, associating.

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      in logic, a type of connective that uses the word “and” to join together two propositions. See connective.

      in astronomy, an apparent meeting or passing of two or more celestial bodies. The Moon is in conjunction with the Sun at the phase of New Moon, when it moves between the Earth and Sun and the side turned toward the Earth is dark. Inferior planets—those with orbits smaller than the Earth's (namely, Venus and Mercury)—have two kinds of conjunctions with the Sun. An inferior conjunction occurs when the planet passes approximately between Earth and Sun; if it passes exactly between them, moving across the Sun's face as seen from Earth, it is said to be in transit. A superior conjunction occurs when Earth and the other planet are on opposite sides of the Sun, but all three bodies are again nearly in a straight line. Superior planets, those having orbits larger than the Earth's, can have only superior conjunctions with the Sun. Conjunctions of planets with one another are considered of great importance in astrology. See also opposition.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Conjunction — Con*junc tion, n. [L. conjunctio: cf. F. conjunction. See {Conjoin}.] 1. The act of conjoining, or the state of being conjoined, united, or associated; union; association; league. [1913 Webster] He will unite the white rose and the red: Smille… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Conjunction — can refer to: Conjunction (astronomy and astrology), an astronomical phenomenon Astrological aspect, an aspect in horoscopic astrology Conjunction (grammar), a part of speech Conjunctive mood (grammar), same as subjunctive mood Logical… …   Wikipedia

  • conjunction — ► NOUN 1) a word used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause (e.g. and, if). 2) an instance of two or more events occurring at the same point in time or space. 3) Astronomy & Astrology an alignment of two… …   English terms dictionary

  • conjunction — [kən juŋk′shən] n. [ME conjunccion < OFr conjunction < L conjunctio < pp. of conjungere: see CONJOIN] 1. a joining together or being joined together; union; association; combination 2. an occurring together; coincidence [the conjunction… …   English World dictionary

  • conjunction — A conjunction is a word such as and, because, but, for, if, or, and when which is used to connect words, phrases, clauses, and sentences. Coordinating conjunctions join like with like: The room is large and bright / She would have to go back and… …   Modern English usage

  • Conjunction — (v. lat.), 1) Verbindung; 2) (Bindewort, Gramm.), inflexibiler Redetheil, welcher Verhältnisse bezeichnet, in welchen Sätze einer Rede zu einander stehen. Sie werden in Rücksicht auf diese Verhältnisse eingetheilt in a) beiordnende, u. diese sind …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Conjunction [1] — Conjunction, Verbindung; in der Grammatik die Bindewörter, weil sie 2 Begriffe oder Sätze mit einander verbinden. Man unterscheidet verknüpfende, trennende, entgegensetzende, schliessende, begründende, folgernde, bedingende und einräumende.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Conjunction [2] — Conjunction oder Zusammenkunft nennt die Astronomie eine der 5 Hauptstellungen der Planeten, der Sonne u. des Mondes gegen einander (s. Aspecten). Zwei Gestirne sind in C., wenn beide gleiche Länge haben, so Mond u. Sonne zur Zeit des Neumonds.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • conjunction — I noun adjacency, agreement, alliance, association, compliance, concatenation, concert, concomitance, concord, concurrence, concurrent opinion, conformity, conjoining, connection, cooperation, harmony, joint effort, junction, network, union,… …   Law dictionary

  • conjunction — late 14c., originally of planets, from O.Fr. conjonction union, joining, sexual intercourse (12c.), from L. conjunctionem (nom. conjunctio), from pp. stem of conjugare join together (see CONJUGAL (Cf. conjugal)). Cf. It. congiunzione, Sp.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • conjunction — [n] combination affiliation, agreement, alliance, association, cahoots, coincidence, concomitance, concurrence, congruency, conjointment, hookup*, juxtaposition, parallelism, partnership, tie up*, union; concepts 388,714 Ant. detachment,… …   New thesaurus


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