Concorde


Concorde
/kon"kawrd, kong'-, kon kawrd", kong-/, Trademark.
a supersonic passenger aircraft manufactured and operated jointly by England and France.

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First supersonic, passenger-carrying, commercial airplane.

Built jointly by British and French manufacturers, it entered regular service in 1976. Its maximum cruising speed is 1,354 mph (2,179 kph), more than twice the speed of sound; the London-New York flight takes less than four hours and can cost close to $10,000.

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      the first supersonic passenger-carrying commercial airplane (or supersonic transport, SST), built jointly by aircraft manufacturers in Great Britain and France. The Concorde made its first transatlantic crossing on Sept. 26, 1973, and it inaugurated the world's first scheduled supersonic passenger service on Jan. 21, 1976—British Airways (British Airways PLC) initially flying the aircraft from London to Bahrain and Air France flying it from Paris to Rio de Janeiro. Both airlines added regular service to Washington, D.C., in May 1976 and to New York City in November 1977. Other routes were added temporarily or seasonally, and the Concorde was flown on chartered flights to destinations all over the world. However, the aircraft's noise and operating expense limited its service. Financial losses led both airlines to cut routes, eventually leaving New York City as their only regular destination. Concorde operations were finally ceased by Air France in May 2003 and by British Airways in October 2003. Only 14 of the aircraft actually went into service.

 The Concorde was the first major cooperative venture of European countries to design and build an aircraft. On Nov. 29, 1962, Britain and France signed a treaty to share costs and risks in producing an SST. British Aerospace and the French firm Aérospatiale were responsible for the airframe, while Britain's Rolls-Royce (Rolls-Royce PLC) and France's SNECMA (Société Nationale d'Étude et de Construction de Moteurs d'Aviation) developed the jet engines (jet engine). The result was a technological masterpiece, the delta-wing Concorde, which made its first flight on March 2, 1969. The Concorde had a maximum cruising speed of 2,179 km (1,354 miles) per hour, or Mach 2.04 (more than twice the speed of sound), allowing the aircraft to reduce the flight time between London and New York to about three hours. The development costs of the Concorde were so great that they could never be recovered from operations, and the aircraft was never financially profitable. Nevertheless, it proved that European governments and manufacturers could cooperate in complex ventures, and it helped to ensure that Europe would remain at the technical forefront of aerospace development.

      On July 25, 2000, a Concorde en route from Paris to New York City suffered engine failure shortly after takeoff when debris from a burst tire caused a fuel tank to rupture and burst into flames. The aircraft crashed into a small hotel and restaurant. All 109 persons on board, including 100 passengers and 9 crew members, died; 4 people on the ground were also killed.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Concorde — Un Concorde de la aerolínea British Airways. Tipo Avión comercial supersónico …   Wikipedia Español

  • CONCORDE — Le 21 janvier 1976, l’ère des vols commerciaux à vitesse supersonique commençait avec l’inauguration par Air France de la ligne Paris Dakar Rio de Janeiro et par British Airways de la ligne Londres Bahreïn, l’une et l’autre en Concorde. C’était… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • concorde — CONCORDE. s. f. Union de coeurs et de volontés, bonne intelligence entre des personnes. Entretenir la concorde. Maintenir la concorde. Ils vivent dans une grande concorde, dans une parfaite concordè. Cela pourroit altérer la concorde qui est entr …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • concorde — Concorde. s. f. Union de coeurs & de volontez, bonne intelligence entre des personnes. La concorde est une chose rare entre des fréres. entretenir, maintenir la concorde. ils vivent dans une grande concorde, dans une parfaite concorde. cela… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Concorde —   [kɔ̃ kɔrd, französisch] die, / s, von der französischen und britischen Luftfahrtindustrie ab 1962 gemeinsam entwickeltes Überschall Verkehrsflugzeug für 2,2fache Schallgeschwindigkeit (in 15 600 m Reiseflughöhe 2 180 km/h) und bis zu 128… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Concorde — supersonic passenger airliner, operating from 1976 to 2003, from Fr. concorde, lit. harmony, agreement (see CONCORD (Cf. concord)), reflecting the Anglo French collaborative agreement that produced it …   Etymology dictionary

  • concorde — /kon kɔrde/ agg. [dal lat. concors ordis, der. di cŏr cordis cuore , col pref. con  ]. 1. a. [che dimostra accordo di idee, di sentimenti: una famiglia c. ] ▶◀ coeso, compatto, solidale, unito. ◀▶ discorde, disgregato, disunito, diviso. b. [che… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • concorde — adj. 2 g. 1. Que está de acordo. 2. Unânime …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Concorde — (izg. konkȏrd) m DEFINICIJA prvi putnički nadzvučni zrakoplov koji su proizvele Britanija i Francuska, u uporabi od 1976. ETIMOLOGIJA fr., tvorničko ime proizvoda© …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • concorde — adjetivo 1. Que está de acuerdo con otro: Estamos todos concordes en comprar un coche nuevo. No estamos concordes en el asunto de las vacaciones …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • concorde — Concorde, Concordia …   Thresor de la langue françoyse


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