compare


compare
comparer, n.
/keuhm pair"/, v., compared, comparing, n.
v.t.
1. to examine (two or more objects, ideas, people, etc.) in order to note similarities and differences: to compare two pieces of cloth; to compare the governments of two nations.
2. to consider or describe as similar; liken: Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
3. Gram. to form or display the degrees of comparison of (an adjective or adverb).
v.i.
4. to be worthy of comparison; be held equal: Dekker's plays cannot compare with Shakespeare's.
5. to appear in a similar standing: His recital certainly compares with the one he gave last year.
6. to differ in quality or accomplishment as specified: Their development compares poorly with that of neighbor nations.
7. to vie; rival.
8. to make a comparison: The only way we can say which product is better is to compare.
9. compare notes. See note (def. 25).
n.
10. comparison: Her beauty is beyond compare.
[1375-1425; late ME comparen < L comparare to place together, match, v. deriv. of compar alike, matching (see COM-, PAR); r. ME comperen < OF comperer < L]
Usage. The traditional rule about which preposition to use after COMPARE states that COMPARE should be followed by TO when it points out likenesses or similarities between two apparently dissimilar persons or things: She compared his handwriting to knotted string.
COMPARE should be followed by WITH, the rule says, when it points out similarities or differences between two entities of the same general class: The critic compared the paintings in the exhibit with magazine photographs. This rule is by no means always observed, however, even in formal speech and writing. The usual practice is to employ TO for likenesses between members of different classes: A language may be compared to a living organism. But when the comparison is between members of the same category, both TO and WITH are used: The article compares the Chicago of today with (or to) the Chicago of the 1890s.
Following the past participle COMPARED, either TO or WITH is used regardless of whether differences or similarities are stressed or whether the things compared belong to the same or different classes: Compared with (or to) the streets of 18th-century London, New York's streets are models of cleanliness and order.

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Universalium. 2010.

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