commode


commode
/keuh mohd"/, n.
1. a low cabinet or similar piece of furniture, often highly ornamental, containing drawers or shelves.
2. a stand or cupboard containing a chamber pot or washbasin.
3. toilet (def. 1).
4. a portable toilet, esp. one on a chairlike frame with wheels, as for an invalid.
5. an elaborate headdress consisting chiefly of a high framework decorated with lace, ribbons, etc., worn perched on top of the hair by women in the late 17th and early 18th centuries.
[1680-90; < F < L commodus convenient, equiv. to com- COM- + modus MODE1]

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Piece of furniture resembling the English chest of drawers, used in France from the late 17th century.

Most had marble tops, and some were fitted with pairs of doors. André-Charles Boulle was among the first to make commodes, which were heavy in form and elaborately decorated in marquetry veneers and ormolu. In the Louis XV period (1715–74), extravagant curves and flamboyant surface ornament became fashionable. The 19th-century commode lost its decorative features and became purely functional.

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 type of furniture resembling the English chest of drawers, in use in France in the late 17th century. Most commodes had marble tops, and some were fitted with pairs of doors. André-Charles Boulle (Boulle, André-Charles) was among the first to make commodes. These early forms resembled sarcophagi and were commonly called commodes-tombeau. Although most French cabinet furniture at the beginning of the 18th century was heavy in form, outlines were gently curved, the sides of commodes being slightly convex, or bombé, and the front serpentine. Most had long cabriole legs. Marquetry and parquetry veneers or japanning (Eastern or “oriental”-style lacquerwork) covered both carcass and legs of the commode; and richly worked gilded bronze, or ormolu, fittings protected the vertical edges, following the curved outlines and frequently disguising the edges of the drawers. In the Louis XV (Louis XV style) period extravagant Rococo curves became fashionable, and surface ornament in ormolu became more flamboyant. The Louis XVI (Louis XVI style) period brought more restrained forms. The carcass of the commode was given more rectangular lines, the legs being only slightly curved. Breakfronts and the use of rectangular marquetry or parquetry panels became common. Later, straight, tapering, reeded legs, round in section, became the fashion. The 19th-century commode was even more subdued in form and became a purely functional piece of furniture.

      The French commode was copied with variations throughout Europe, though usually with less fine results. In Venice, for example, the bombé outline was carried to extremes, and decoration was usually gaily painted and lacquered. Some of the more graceful versions of the French commode were made in England when the French fashion became popular there after 1740. The term was used in England for curved chests and low cupboards. English commodes, several of which were illustrated in Thomas Chippendale (Chippendale, Thomas)'s Gentleman and Cabinetmaker's Director (1754), were much more restrained and had little or no ormolu decoration. The term commode was first used in England to describe chests and low cupboards with serpentine fronts. From the late 18th century, commode was also the term, along with night table, for a cupboard containing a chamber pot. See also chest of drawers.

 in dress, wire framework that was worn (c. 1690–1710 in France and England) on the head to hold in position a topknot made of ribbon, starched linen, and lace. The complete headgear was known as a “fontange,” or tower.

      Supposedly, it had its beginning when a favourite of Louis XIV, whose hair had become untidy while hunting, tied it up with a garter ribbon. The admiration of the king made it a fashion with the women of the French and English courts, but the simple bow soon became a complex affair—tall, often fan-shaped, and requiring the wire support of the commode and the addition of artificial curls and dangling streamers.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • COMMODE — LUCIUS et plus tard MARCUS AELIUS ANTONINUS (161 192) empereur romain (180 192) Dernier souverain de la dynastie des Antonins, Commode a été l’objet de vives critiques de la part des historiens. Il est vrai que son règne contraste avec ceux de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Commode — Commode, veneered with Japanese lacquer and japanned, by Bernard II van Risenburgh, Paris, ca 1750 60 Victoria and Albert Museum[1] …   Wikipedia

  • commode — 1. (ko mo d ) adj. 1°   Qui se prête à l usage requis ; qui offre des facilités ; qui est favorable. Habit commode. Maison commode. Nous ne sommes pas ici dans un lieu commode. •   Jamais l occasion.... Ne s offre assez commode aux poltrons comme …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • commode — COMMODE. adj. des 2 genr. Qui est aisé, propre, convenable, dont l usage est utile et facile. Habit commode. Maison commode. Cette voiture est fort commode. C est une chose bien commode que de..... Une telle sorte d habit est commode pour le… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • commode — COMMODE. adj. de tout genre. Qui est aisé, propre, convenable, dont l usage est utile & facile. Habit commode. maison commode &c. cette voiture luy est fort commode. c est une chose bien commode pour cela que &c. une telle sorte d habit est… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Commode — Com*mode , n. [F. commode, fr. commode convenient, L. commodus; com + modus measure, mode. See {Mode}.] 1. A kind of headdress formerly worn by ladies, raising the hair and fore part of the cap to a great height. [1913 Webster] Or under high… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • commode — 1786, chest of drawers, earlier (1680s) a fashionable ladies headdress, from French, noun use of adj. commode convenient, suitable, from L. commodus proper, fit, appropriate, convenient, satisfactory, from com , intensive prefix (see COM (Cf. com …   Etymology dictionary

  • commode — /fr. kɔˈmɔd/ [vc. fr., sost. dell agg. commode «comodo»] s. f. inv. canterano, cassettone, comò …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • commode — [kə mōd′] n. [Fr, chest of drawers, orig., convenient, suitable < L commodus, suitable: see COM & MODE] 1. a high headdress worn by women around 1700 2. a chest of drawers 3. a small, low table with drawers or cabinet space: also commode table …   English World dictionary

  • Commode — (fr., spr. Kommod), 1) Hausgeräth, gewöhnlich von der Höhe eines Tisches, mit 2 od. 3 Schubkästen über einander, zur Aufbewahrung von Wäsche, Kleidern u. dgl.; 2) Pantoffeln, welche rundherum weiches Oberleder u. hinten keine Steifen haben …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • commode — Commode, apte et couvenable, Commodus, Aptus …   Thresor de la langue françoyse


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