Columbus Day


Columbus Day
a day, October 12, observed as a holiday in various states of the U.S. in honor of the discovery of the New World by Columbus and his landing in the West Indies on October 12, 1492: observed in some states as the second Monday in October.
[1890-95, Amer.]

* * *

▪ American holiday
      in the United States, holiday (originally October 12; since 1971 the second Monday in October) to commemorate the landing of Christopher Columbus (Columbus, Christopher) on October 12, 1492, in the New World. Although his explorations were financed by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain, Columbus was a native of Genoa, Italy, and over the years Italian Americans took up the cause of honouring his achievement. The 300th anniversary of his landing was celebrated in New York City in 1792 by the Society of St. Tammany, or Columbian Order, and the 400th anniversary, in 1892, by presidential proclamation nationwide. During the latter half of the 19th century, the day began to be celebrated in cities with large numbers of Italian Americans, and in 1937 it became a national holiday by presidential proclamation. The day came to be marked by parades, often including floats depicting the ships of Columbus, and by public ceremonies and festivities. By the quincentennial in 1992, the holiday was an occasion for discussing the European conquest of American Indians, and some people objected to celebrating the event and proposed alternatives, among them Indigenous Peoples Day.

      The landing of Columbus also came to be commemorated in Spain and Italy. In many of the Spanish-speaking countries of the Americas, the landing is observed as Día de la Raza (“Day of the Race” or “Day of the People”). Rather than celebrating Columbus's arrival in the New World, many observers of Día de la Raza celebrate the indigenous peoples of Latin America and the culture that developed over the centuries as their heritage melded with that of the Spanish explorers who followed Columbus. In some countries religious ceremonies are an important part of the observances.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Columbus Day — Co*lum bus Day The 12th day of October, on which day in 1492 Christopher Columbus discovered America, landing on one of the Bahama Islands (probably the one now commonly called Watling Island), and naming it San Salvador ; called also {Discovery… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Columbus Day — steht für: Kolumbus Tag, eine Feier zu Ehren von Christoph Kolumbus. Columbus Day – Ein Spiel auf Leben und Tod, ein US amerikanisches Thriller Drama aus dem Jahr 2008. Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit de …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Columbus Day — a US public holiday held on October 12th to honour Christopher Columbus …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Columbus Day — n. a legal holiday in the U.S. commemorating the discovery of America by Columbus (Oct. 12, 1492), observed in most states on the second Monday in October …   English World dictionary

  • Columbus Day — This article is about the holiday. For the film of the same name, see Columbus Day (film). For the Pacific Northwest storm, see Columbus Day Storm of 1962. Columbus Day First Landing of Columbus on the Shores of the New World, after the painting… …   Wikipedia

  • Columbus Day — Co|lum|bus Day [ kə lʌmbəs ,deı ] the second Monday in October, when people in the U.S. celebrate the discovery of America in 1492 by Christopher Columbus …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Columbus Day — Colum′bus Day n. cvb a holiday honoring Columbus s landing in the West Indies on Oct. 12, 1492: observed variously in the U.S. on Oct. 12 or on the second Monday in October • Etymology: 1890–95, amer …   From formal English to slang

  • Columbus Day — noun a legal holiday commemorating the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus • Syn: ↑Discovery Day, ↑October 12 • Hypernyms: ↑legal holiday, ↑national holiday, ↑public holiday • Part Holonyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Columbus Day — noun Date: 1893 1. October 12 formerly observed as a legal holiday in many states of the United States in commemoration of the landing of Columbus in the Bahamas in 1492 2. the second Monday in October observed as a legal holiday in many states… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Columbus Day — anniversary of Columbus s discovery of America in 1492 …   English contemporary dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.