colonnade


colonnade
colonnaded, adj.
/kol'euh nayd"/, n.
1. Archit. a series of regularly spaced columns supporting an entablature and usually one side of a roof. Cf. arcade.
2. a series of trees planted in a long row, as on each side of a driveway or road.
[1710-20; < F, equiv. to colonne COLUMN + -ade -ADE1, on the model of It colonnato]

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Row of columns generally supporting an entablature, used either as an independent feature (e.g., a covered walkway) or as part of a building (e.g., a portico).

The earliest colonnades appear in the temple architecture of ancient Greece. In a basilica, colonnades are used to separate the side aisles from the central space. See also stoa.

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 row of columns generally supporting an entablature (row of horizontal moldings), used either as an independent feature (e.g., a covered walkway) or as part of a building (e.g., a porch or portico). The earliest colonnades appear in the temple architecture of antiquity, numerous examples of which survive in Greece and Rome.

      The Greek market hall, or stoa, as seen in Athens, is a particularly good illustration of a long colonnade serving a commercial purpose. Colonnades were much employed in the Baroque and Neoclassical periods, notably in St. Peter's (Saint Peter's Basilica) in Rome, which was designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini (Bernini, Gian Lorenzo) and completed in 1667.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • colonnade — [ kɔlɔnad ] n. f. • 1740; colonnate 1675; de colonne 1 ♦ File de colonnes sur une ou plusieurs rangées, formant un ensemble architectural. Les colonnades des temples grecs. 2 ♦ Géol. Ensemble de formations géologiques en forme de colonne.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Colonnade — • A number of columns symmetrically arranged in one or more rows Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Colonnade     Colonnade     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • colonnade — colonnade, arcade, arcature, portico, peristyle are discriminable as used in architecture. A colonnade is a row of columns (typically on the outside of a building) spaced at regular intervals and carrying an architrave or horizontal member lying… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • colonnade — COLONNADE. s. f. collectif. Suite de colonnes rangées pour servir d ornement à un grand édifice, à une place publique, ou à un beau jardin. La colonnade de Saint Pierre. La colonnade des jardins de Versailles. La colonnade du Louvre …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Colonnade — Col on*nade , n. [F. colonnade, It. colonnata, fr. colonna column. See {Colonel}.] (Arch.) A series or range of columns placed at regular intervals with all the adjuncts, as entablature, stylobate, roof, etc. [1913 Webster] Note: When in front of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • colonnade — 1718, from Fr. colonnade, from It. colonnato, from colonna column, from L. columna pillar (see HILL (Cf. hill)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Colonnade — (fr., Bauk.), so v. w. Säulenhalle …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Colonnade — Colonnade, eine mit einem Gebälke bedeckte Säulenreihe. S. Säulenordnung …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Colonnade — Colonnade, ein mit Säulen umgebener, wenigstens auf einer Seite offener Gang; die alte Baukunst wandte die C. viel mehr an als die heutige. Es ist übrigens nicht zu leugnen, daß die C. nur in den Südländern ihre eigentliche Anwendung findet; im… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • colonnade — ► NOUN ▪ a row of evenly spaced columns supporting a roof or other structure. DERIVATIVES colonnaded adjective. ORIGIN French, from Latin columna column …   English terms dictionary

  • colonnade — [käl΄ə nād′] n. [Fr < It colonnato < colonna < L columna,COLUMN] Archit. a series of columns set at regular intervals, usually supporting a roof or series of arches colonnaded adj …   English World dictionary


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