colonialism


colonialism
colonialist, n., adj.colonialistic, adj.
/keuh loh"nee euh liz'euhm/, n.
1. the control or governing influence of a nation over a dependent country, territory, or people.
2. the system or policy by which a nation maintains or advocates such control or influence.
3. the state or condition of being colonial.
4. an idea, custom, or practice peculiar to a colony.
[1850-55; COLONIAL + -ISM]

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Control by one power over a dependent area or people.

The purposes of colonialism include economic exploitation of the colony's natural resources, creation of new markets for the colonizer, and extension of the colonizer's way of life beyond its national borders. The most active practitioners were European countries; in the years 1500–1900, Europe colonized all of North and South America and Australia, most of Africa, and much of Asia by sending settlers to populate the land or by taking control of governments. The first colonies were established in the Western Hemisphere by the Spanish and Portuguese in the 15th–16th century. The Dutch colonized Indonesia in the 16th century, and Britain colonized North America and India in the 17th–18th century. Later British settlers colonized Australia and New Zealand. Colonization of Africa only began in earnest in the 1880s, but by 1900 virtually the entire continent was controlled by Europe. The colonial era ended gradually after World War II; the only territories still governed as colonies today are small islands. See also decolonization, dependency, imperialism.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • colonialism — COLONIALÍSM s.n. Politică a unor state de cucerire de colonii1 (2) sau de menţinere a coloniilor. [pr.: ni a ] – Din fr. colonialisme. Trimis de hai, 29.06.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  colonialísm s. n. (sil. ni a ) Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa:… …   Dicționar Român

  • colonialism — co‧lo‧ni‧al‧is‧m [kəˈləʊniəlɪzm ǁ ˈloʊ ] noun [uncountable] ECONOMICS when a powerful country rules a weaker one and establishes its own trade and culture there: • the new Third World states liberated from colonialism * * * colonialism UK US… …   Financial and business terms

  • Colonialism — Co*lo ni*al*ism, n. 1. The state or quality of, or the relationship involved in, being colonial. The last tie of colonialism which bound us to the mother country is broken. Brander Matthews. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. A custom, idea, feature of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • colonialism — 1853, ways or speech of colonial persons, from COLONIAL (Cf. colonial) + ISM (Cf. ism). Meaning the system of colonial rule is from 1886 …   Etymology dictionary

  • colonialism — ► NOUN ▪ the practice of acquiring control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically. DERIVATIVES colonialist noun & adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • colonialism — [kə lōn′nē əliz΄əm] n. the system or policy by which a country maintains foreign colonies, esp. in order to exploit them economically colonialist n., adj …   English World dictionary

  • Colonialism — This article is about territorial expansion. For the architectural style, see American colonial architecture. See colony and colonization for examples of colonialism that do not refer to Western colonialism. Also see Colonization (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • colonialism — The establishment by more developed countries of formal political authority over areas of Asia, Africa, Australasia, and Latin America. It is distinct from spheres of influence, indirect forms of control, semi colonialism , and neo colonialism .… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • colonialism — [[t]kəlo͟ʊniəlɪzəm[/t]] N UNCOUNT Colonialism is the practice by which a powerful country directly controls less powerful countries and uses their resources to increase its own power and wealth. ...the bitter oppression of slavery and colonialism …   English dictionary

  • colonialism — co|lo|ni|al|is|m [kəˈləuniəlızəm US ˈlou ] n [U] when a powerful country rules a weaker one, and establishes its own trade and society there →↑colony, imperialism ↑imperialism ▪ a legacy of European colonialism …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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