collage


collage
collagist, n.
/keuh lahzh", koh-/, n., v., collaged, collaging. n.
1. a technique of composing a work of art by pasting on a single surface various materials not normally associated with one another, as newspaper clippings, parts of photographs, theater tickets, and fragments of an envelope.
2. a work of art produced by this technique. Cf. assemblage (def. 3).
3. an assemblage or occurrence of diverse elements or fragments in unlikely or unexpected juxtaposition: The experimental play is a collage of sudden scene shifts, long monologues, musical interludes, and slapstick.
4. a film that presents a series of seemingly unrelated scenes or images or shifts from one scene or image to another suddenly and without transition.
v.t.
5. to make a collage of: The artist has collaged old photos, cartoon figures, and telephone numbers into a unique work of art.
[1915-20; < F, equiv. to colle paste, glue ( < Gk kólla) + -age -AGE]

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(from French coller, "to glue") Pictorial technique of applying printed or found materials (e.g., newspaper, fabric, wallpaper) to a flat surface, often in combination with painting.

Long popular as a pastime for children and amateurs, it was first given serious attention as an art technique by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque in 1912–13. Many other 20th-century artists produced collages, including Juan Gris, Henri Matisse, Joseph Cornell, and Max Ernst. In the 1960s collage was employed as a major form of Pop art, exemplified in the work of Robert Rauschenberg.

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art
      (French: “pasting”), artistic technique of applying manufactured, printed, or “found” materials, such as bits of newspaper, fabric, wallpaper, etc., to a panel or canvas, frequently in combination with painting. In the 19th century, papiers collés were created from papers cut out and put together to form decorative compositions. In about 1912–13 Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque (Braque, Georges) extended this technique, combining fragments of paper, wood, linoleum, and newspapers with oil paint on canvas to form subtle and interesting abstract or semiabstract compositions. The development of the collage by Picasso and Braque contributed largely to the transition from Analytical to Synthetic Cubism.

      The word collage was first used to refer to works by Dada and Surrealist artists, especially Max Ernst (Ernst, Max). His collages were composed of old engravings and prints that had been skillfully cut and pasted together to form disquietingly irrational images. Kurt Schwitters' (Schwitters, Kurt) collages utilized pieces of string, rags, wood, wire, nails, and papers. Henri Matisse's (Matisse, Henri) imaginative papiers découpés, the works of his last years, were an adaptation of the collage technique. The American artist Joseph Cornell (Cornell, Joseph) expanded upon the collage technique in his intimate, mysterious shadow boxes. In the 1960s collage was employed as a major form of Pop art. The Pop-art collage was brought to its high point in the 1960s by Robert Rauschenberg (Rauschenberg, Robert), who combined newspaper and magazine photographs with silk-screen printing to produce images that are amalgams of American history and popular culture.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • collage — [ kɔlaʒ ] n. m. • 1544; de coller 1 ♦ Action de coller. Procéder au collage des affiches. Techn. Assemblage par adhésion. ♢ État de ce qui est collé. ♢ Arts Composition faite d éléments hétérogènes collés sur la toile, éventuellement intégrés à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Collage — Sf Kunstwerk, das aus verschiedenen Teilen zusammengestellt ist per. Wortschatz fach. (20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. collage m., einer Ableitung von frz. coller leimen, kleben , abgeleitet von frz. colle Leim , aus gr. kólla. Das Wort… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • collage — n. 1. any picture made by sticking together pieces of paper or photographs, especially in unusual or surprising ways. Syn: montage. [WordNet 1.5] 2. the technique of producing a work of art that is a collage[1]. [PJC] 3. any composite object,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Collage — Collage: Das Fremdwort stammt aus dem Bereich der bildenden Kunst. In der frz. Sprache wurde es erstmals am Anfang des 20. Jh.s im Zusammenhang mit den von Picasso und Braque geschaffenen Bildkompositionen verwendet, die aus aufgeklebten… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • collage — 1919, from Fr. collage a pasting, from O.Fr. coller to glue, from Gk. kolla glue. Earliest reference is in Wyndham Lewis …   Etymology dictionary

  • collage — (del francés; pronunciamos colás ) sustantivo masculino 1. (no contable) Técnica que consiste en pegar sobre un lienzo o tabla diversos materiales para formar una composición artística. 2. Composición hecha con esta técnica: Hizo un collage con… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • collage — [kə läzh′] n. [Fr, a pasting < colle, paste < Gr kolla, glue] 1. an art form in which, variously, small objects, bits of newspaper, cloth, pressed flowers, etc. are pasted together on a surface in incongruous relationship for their symbolic …   English World dictionary

  • collage — /kɔ laʒ/, it. /kɔ l:aʒ/ s.m., fr. (propr. incollamento ), in ital. invar. 1. (artist.) [procedimento d arte figurativa che utilizza frammenti di materiali diversi componendoli su un piano e, anche, l opera così realizzata] ▶◀ papier collé. 2.… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • collage — → colaje …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • collage — /fr. kɔˈlaʒ/ s. m. inv. (fig.) insieme, misto, mescolanza …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • collage — [n] mixture of pictures abstract composition, found art, photomontage; concept 259 …   New thesaurus


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