Colchis


Colchis
/kol"kis/, n.
an ancient country in Asia, S of the Caucasus and bordering on the Black Sea: the land of the Golden Fleece and of Medea in Greek mythology.

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Ancient region on the Black Sea.

Now the western part of the Republic of Georgia, Colchis was in Greek mythology the home of Medea and the destination of the Argonauts. Historically, it was colonized by Milesian Greeks with the support of the native Colchians, whose ethnic composition is unclear. After the 6th century BC it was nominally controlled by Persia; it passed to Mithradates VI Eupator, the king of Pontus, in the 1st century BC and later came under Roman rule.

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▪ ancient region, Transcaucasia
      ancient region at the eastern end of the Black Sea south of the Caucasus, in the western part of modern Georgia. It consisted of the valley of the Phasis (modern Riuni) River. In Greek mythology Colchis was the home of Medea and the destination of the Argonauts, a land of fabulous wealth and the domain of sorcery. Historically, Colchis was colonized by Milesian Greeks to whom the native Colchians supplied gold, slaves, hides, linen cloth, agricultural produce, and such shipbuilding materials as timber, flax, pitch, and wax. The ethnic composition of the Colchians, who were described by Herodotus as black Egyptians, is unclear. After the 6th century BC they lived under the nominal suzerainty of Achaemenidian Persia and passed into the kingdom of Mithradates VI (1st century BC) and, then, under the rule of Rome.

      United with Lazica in the 4th century AD, Colchis constituted an important buffer state between the Sāsānian and Byzantine empires. In the late 8th century Colchis was attached to Abasgia, which in turn was incorporated into Russian Georgia.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • COLCHIs — idis, regio Asiae iuxta Pontum, regnum Aeetae Regis, et Medeae patria, Corace monte (qui est Tauri pars) a septentrione, ab ortu Iberiâ, a Meridie Phaside, ab occidente Euxinô Poutô clausa. Huc ferunt Iasonem cum Argonautis navigâsse, Medeaeque… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Colchis — [käl′kis] ancient country south of the Caucasus Mountains, on the Black Sea, in what is now Georgia Colchian [käl′kē ən] adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Colchis — History of Georgia This article is part of a series Prehistory …   Wikipedia

  • Colchis — geographical name ancient country bordering on Black Sea S of Caucasus Mountains; area now constitutes W part of Republic of Georgia • Colchian adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Colchis — noun Ancient region and Georgian kingdom south of Caucasus mountains and west of Iberia on the east shore of the Black Sea, in what is now western Georgia …   Wiktionary

  • Colchis — (Germany)    Printmaker. Produced surreal, fantasy images with giant phalli and phallic creature. Reproductions: Illustrations to Die Brille; 1922; Klinger, 1986: figs. 1004 1011 [C] …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • COLCHIS —    a district on the E. of the Black Sea, and S. of Caucasus, where the Argonauts, according to Greek tradition, found and conquered the Golden Fleece; the natives had a reputation for witchcraft and sorcery …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • colchis — n. ancient region on the Black Sea south of the Caucasus Mountains that was the site of an ancient country where Jason traveled in search of the Golden Fleece …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Colchis — Col•chis [[t]ˈkɒl kɪs[/t]] n. anh geg an ancient country in Asia S of the Caucasus and bordering on the Black Sea: the land of the Golden Fleece and of Medea in Greek legend …   From formal English to slang

  • Colchis — /ˈkɒlkəs/ (say kolkuhs) noun the legendary land of Medea and the Golden Fleece …   Australian English dictionary


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