/kook/, n.Sir Edward, 1552-1634, English jurist and writer on law.Also, Cooke.
* * *Solid residue remaining after certain types of coals are heated to a high temperature out of contact with air until substantially all components that easily vaporize have been driven off.The residue is chiefly carbon, with minor amounts of hydrogen, nitrogen, sulfur, and oxygen. Also present in coke is the mineral matter in the original coal, chemically altered and decomposed. The gradual exhaustion of timber in England had led first to prohibitions on cutting of wood for charcoal and eventually to the introduction of coke. Thereafter the iron industry expanded rapidly and Britain became the world's greatest iron producer (see Abraham Darby). The crucible process (1740) resulted in the first reliable steel made by a melting process. Oven coke (about 1.5–4 in., or 40–100 mm, in size) is used in blast furnaces to make iron. Smaller quantities of coke are used in other metallurgical processes (see metallurgy), such as the manufacture of certain alloys. Large, strong coke, known as foundry coke, is used in smelting. Smaller sizes of coke (0.6–1.2 in., or 15–30 mm) are used to heat buildings.
* * *▪ coal productsolid residue remaining after certain types of bituminous coals are heated to a high temperature out of contact with air until substantially all of the volatile constituents have been driven off. The residue is chiefly carbon, with minor amounts of hydrogen, nitrogen, sulfur, and oxygen. Also present in coke is the mineral matter in the original coal, chemically altered and decomposed during the coking process.Oven coke (size: 40 to 100 millimetres, about 1 1/2 to 4 inches) is used throughout the world in blast furnaces to make iron. Smaller quantities of coke are used in other metallurgical processes, such as the manufacture of ferroalloys, lead, and zinc, and in kilns to make lime and magnesia. Large, strong coke, known as foundry coke, is used in foundry cupolas to smelt iron ores. Smaller sizes of both oven and gas coke (15 to 50 millimetres) are used to heat houses and commercial buildings. Coke measuring 10 to 25 millimetres in size is employed in the manufacture of phosphorus and of calcium carbide, the raw material from which acetylene is made. Coke breeze (less than 12 millimetres) is applied to the sintering of small iron ore prior to use in blast furnaces. Any surplus breeze coke becomes industrial boiler fuel.
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См. также в других словарях:
coke — coke … Dictionnaire des rimes
Coke — may refer to: Coca Cola, a soft drink originally based on coca leaf extract The Coca Cola Company, makers of this drink Cola, any soft drink similar to Coca Cola Soft drink, any non alcoholic carbonated beverage Coca, a plant Cocaine, a drug… … Wikipedia
Coke — bezeichnet: ein Getränk, siehe Coca Cola einen nordamerikanischen Indianerstamm, siehe Coco (Volk) im NATO Code das Flugzeug Antonow An 24 Coke ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Christopher „Dudus“ Coke (* 1969), mutmaßlicher… … Deutsch Wikipedia
COKE (E.) — COKE sir EDWARD (1552 1634) L’un des plus célèbres juristes anglais du XVIIe siècle. Nombre des jugements de sir Edward Coke ont fait jurisprudence. Sa vie publique a été marquée par la difficile recherche d’une conciliation entre les exigences… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Coke® — [ko:k , engl.: koʊk ], das; [s], s u. die; , s <aber: 5 Coke> [engl.( amerik.) Coke®, nach dem Werbeslogan »Coca Cola ist Coke«, viell. unter Anlehnung an: coke = ↑ 2Koks]: kurz für ↑ Coca Cola … Universal-Lexikon
Coke — Coke; coke; de·coke; nan·ti·coke; semi·coke; … English syllables
Coke — Coke, n. [Perh. akin to cake, n.] Mineral coal charred, or depriver of its bitumen, sulphur, or other volatile matter by roasting in a kiln or oven, or by distillation, as in gas works. It is lagerly used where ? smokeless fire is required.… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Coke — Coke, v. t. To convert into coke. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
coke — [kəuk US kouk] n [Sense: 1; Date: 1900 2000; Origin: Coca (Cola)] [Sense: 2; Date: 1900 2000; Origin: cocaine] [Sense: 3; Date: 1600 1700; Origin: Origin unknown] 1.) Coke [U and C] trademark the drink Coca Cola, or a bottle, can, or glass of… … Dictionary of contemporary English
coke — [ kouk ] noun 1. ) Coke count or uncount TRADEMARK a type of sweet brown FIZZY drink (=with gas in it), or a glass of this drink 2. ) uncount INFORMAL the drug COCAINE 3. ) uncount a solid black substance similar to coal that people burn to… … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
coke —  ► NOUN 1) a solid fuel made by heating coal in the absence of air so that the volatile components are driven off. 2) carbon residue left after the incomplete combustion or distillation of petrol or other fuels. ► VERB (usu. coking) ▪ convert… … English terms dictionary