coinage


coinage
/koy"nij/, n.
1. the act, process, or right of making coins.
2. the categories, types, or quantity of coins issued by a nation.
3. coins collectively; currency.
4. the act or process of inventing words; neologizing.
5. an invented or newly created word or phrase: "Ecdysiast" is a coinage of H. L. Mencken.
6. anything made, invented, or fabricated.
[1350-1400; ME < MF coignaige. See COIN, -AGE]

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Certification of a piece of metal or other material (such as leather or porcelain) by a mark or marks upon it as being of a specific intrinsic or exchange value.

Croesus (r. с 560–546 BC) is generally credited with issuing the first official government coinage of certified purity and weight. Counterfeiting was widespread in the Middle Ages. In the late 15th century, equipment capable of providing coins of reliable weight and size was developed in Italy. The Industrial Revolution saw further refinements in coinage techniques. Most of the basic motifs of modern coinage were introduced in antiquity. In the Greek world, relief imprinting gradually replaced the roughly impressed reverse punch of the Lydians. Alexander the Great introduced the coin-portrait; these initially depicted gods or heroes and later living monarchs. Until the end of the 19th century, Chinese coins were cast much like those of the early Greeks; the square-holed Chinese bronze coins were issued in essentially the same size and shape for almost 2,500 years.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • coinage — coin‧age [ˈkɔɪnɪdʒ] noun [uncountable] 1. ECONOMICS the system of coins used in a country: • Britain did not use decimal coinage until 1971. ˌstandard ˈcoinage ECONOMICS a system where a coin s value is the same as the value of the metal it… …   Financial and business terms

  • Coinage — may refer to: coins, standardized as currency neologism, coinage of a new word COINage, numismatics magazine Tin coinage, a tax on refined tin ancestry Coinage, a board game See also Coining (disambiguation) Coin (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • Coinage — Coin age, n. [From {Coin}, v. t., cf. {Cuinage}.] 1. The act or process of converting metal into money. [1913 Webster] The care of the coinage was committed to the inferior magistrates. Arbuthnot. [1913 Webster] 2. Coins; the aggregate coin of a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • coinage — [koin′ij] n. [ME < OFr coignaige] 1. the act or process of coining 2. metal money; coins 3. a system of money or metal currency 4. an invented word or expression [laser is a recent coinage] …   English World dictionary

  • coinage — index cash, formation, invention, money, origination Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • coinage — late 14c., currency, money, from O.Fr. coignage, from coignier to coin (see COIN (Cf. coin)). Meaning act or proces of coining money is from early 15c.; sense deliberate formation of a new word is from 1690s, from a general sense of something… …   Etymology dictionary

  • coinage — coin, currency, cash, specie, legal tender, *money …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • coinage — ► NOUN 1) coins collectively. 2) the action or process of producing coins. 3) a system or type of coins in use. 4) the invention of a new word or phrase. 5) a newly invented word or phrase …   English terms dictionary

  • coinage — [[t]kɔ͟ɪnɪʤ[/t]] 1) N UNCOUNT Coinage is the coins which are used in a country. The city produced its own coinage from 1325 to 1864. ...the world s finest collection of medieval European coinage. 2) N UNCOUNT Coinage is the system of money used… …   English dictionary

  • coinage — coin|age [ˈkɔınıdʒ] n 1.) [U] the system or type of money used in a country ▪ the gold coinage of the Roman empire 2.) a word or phrase that has been recently invented ▪ The phrase glass ceiling is a fairly recent coinage. 3.) [U] the invention… …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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