Cochise


Cochise
/koh chees"/, adj.
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a prehistoric American Indian culture of southeastern Arizona, dating from around 9000 B.C.
[named after Cochise County, Arizona]
/koh chees"/, n.
c1815-74, a chief of the Chiricahua Apaches.

* * *

died June 8, 1874, Chiricahua Apache Reservation, Ariz.Terr., U.S.

Chiricahua Apache chief who led the resistance to white incursions into the American Southwest.

Nothing is known of his birth or early life. His people remained at peace with white settlers through the 1850s, but in 1861 skirmishes and eventually all-out war broke out between the Apache and the U.S. Army. Cochise and his followers eluded capture for 10 years. By 1872, however, most Apache, including Cochise, had agreed to move onto reservations.

* * *

▪ Apache chief

died June 8, 1874, Chiricahua Apache Reservation, Arizona Territory, U.S.

      Chiricahua Apache chief who led the Indians' resistance to the white man's incursions into the U.S. Southwest in the 1860s; the southeasternmost county of Arizona bears his name.

      Nothing is known of Cochise's birth or early life. His people remained at peace with white settlers through the 1850s, even working as woodcutters at the Apache Pass stagecoach station. Trouble began in 1861, when a raiding party drove off cattle belonging to a white rancher and abducted the child of a ranch hand. An inexperienced U.S. Army officer ordered Cochise and five other chiefs to appear for questioning. Steadfastly denying their guilt, the Indians were seized and arrested. One was killed on the spot, but Cochise escaped by cutting through the side of a tent, despite three bullets in his body. Immediately he laid plans to avenge the death of his friends, who had been hanged by federal authorities. The warfare of his Apache bands was so fierce that troops, settlers, and traders alike were all forced to withdraw. Upon the recall of army forces to fight in the U.S. Civil War (1861–65), Arizona was practically abandoned to the Apaches.

      In 1862, however, an army of 3,000 California volunteers under Gen. James Carleton marched to Apache Pass to reestablish communications between the Pacific coast and the East, putting the Indians to flight with their howitzers.

      Upon the death of his co-fighter Mangas Coloradas, Cochise became principal chief of the Apaches. From that time on a war of extermination was waged against the Indians. Cochise and 200 followers eluded capture for more than 10 years by hiding out in the Dragoon Mountains of Arizona, from which they continued their raids, always melting back into their mountain strongholds.

      In June 1871 command of the Department of Arizona was assumed by Gen. George Crook, who succeeded in winning the allegiance of a number of Apaches as scouts and bringing many others onto reservations. Cochise surrendered in September, but, resisting the transfer of his people to the Tularosa Reservation in New Mexico, he escaped in the spring of 1872. He gave himself up when the Chiricahua Reservation was established that summer.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cochise — (Bronze Büste von Betty Butts nach einer historischen Abbildung von Cochise. Standort: Fort Bowie National Historic Site, Arizona, USA.) Cochise (auch Cheis oder A da tli chi = „Hartholz“; englische Aussprache: [koʊˈtʃiːs]) (* zwischen 1810 und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cochise — Годы 1969 1972 Лейблы United Artists Records Liberty Records Бывшие участники Stewart Brown B.J. Cole …   Википедия

  • Cochise — de nombre apache Shi Kha She (c. 1812 9 de junio, 1874) fue un jefe de los apaches chiricahua en Norteamérica, que lideró una revuelta en 1861. Cochise nació en la región que se encuentra entre México, Nuevo México y Arizona. En ese territorio se …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cochise — (v. 1812 1876) chef indien apache, compagnon de Geronimo …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cochise —   [ kəʊtʃiːz], Häuptling der Chiricahua Apachen, ✝ Chiricahua Apache Reservation (Arizona) 8. 6. 1874; führte an der Spitze von Apachentrupps 1861 72 einen Guerillakrieg gegen weiße Siedler und Soldaten in Arizona; schloss 1872 einen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Cochise — (c.1815 1874), leader of the Chiricahua Apache people; his name is Athabaskan, perhaps from chizh firewood (Cf. ko chizh his firewood ), or from ch izhi the rough one …   Etymology dictionary

  • Cochise — [kō chēs′] 1815? 74; Apache Indian chief …   English World dictionary

  • Cochise — For other uses, see Cochise (disambiguation). Cochise Born c.1805 Chiricahua country, under Spanish occupation[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Cochise — Este artículo trata sobre un cacique apache. Para el ciclista y concejal colombiano, véase Cochise Rodriguez. Montañas Dragoon, donde Cochise se ocultó con sus guerreros. Cochise, de nombre apache Shi Kha She (c. 1812 9 de junio de 1874) fue un… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cochise — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cochise (homonymie). Cochise Buste …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.