/kluy'meuh tol"euh jee/, n.the science that deals with the phenomena of climates or climatic conditions.[1835-45; CLIMATE + -O- + -LOGY]
* * *Branch of atmospheric science concerned with describing climate and analyzing the causes and practical consequences of climatic differences and changes.Climatology treats the same atmospheric processes as meteorology, but it also seeks to identify slower-acting influences and longer-term changes, including the circulation of the oceans, the concentrations of atmospheric gases, and the small but measurable variations in the intensity of solar radiation.
* * *branch of the atmospheric sciences concerned with both the description of climate and the analysis of the causes of climatic differences and changes and their practical consequences. Climatology treats the same atmospheric processes as meteorology , but it seeks as well to identify the slower-acting influences and longer-term changes of import, including the circulation of the oceans and the small yet measurable variations in the intensity of solar radiation.From its origins in 6th-century-BC Greek science, climatology has developed along two main lines: regional climatology and physical climatology. The first is the study of discrete and characteristic weather phenomena of a particular continental or subcontinental region. The second involves a statistical analysis of the various weather elements, principally temperature, moisture, atmospheric pressure, and wind speed, and a detailed examination of the basic relationships between such elements. Since the 1960s a third main branch, dynamic meteorology, has emerged. It deals primarily with the numerical simulation of climate and climatic change, employing models of atmospheric processes based on the fundamental equations of dynamic meteorology. Other significant subdisciplines of climatology include bioclimatology and paleoclimatology (qq.v.).
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См. также в других словарях:
Climatology — Cli ma*tol o*gy, n. [Climate + logy: cf. F. climatologie.] The science which treats of climates and investigates their phenomena and causes. Brande & C. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
climatology — 1843, from CLIMATE (Cf. climate) + OLOGY (Cf. ology). Related: Climatologist (1886) … Etymology dictionary
climatology — [klī΄mə täl′ə jē] n. the science dealing with climate and climatic phenomena climatological [klī′mətə läj′i kəl] adj. climatologist n … English World dictionary
Climatology — Climate Research redirects here. For the journal of that name, see Climate Research (journal). Atmospheric sciences … Wikipedia
climatology — klimatologija statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Mokslas, tiriantis Žemės klimatą, jį lemiančius veiksnius, klimato tipus ir kaitą. atitikmenys: angl. climatology vok. Klimakunde, f; Klimatologie, f rus. климатология, f … Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas
climatology — climate ► NOUN 1) the general weather conditions prevailing in an area over a long period. 2) a prevailing trend or public attitude. DERIVATIVES climatology noun climatological adjective. ORIGIN originally denoting a zone of the earth between two … English terms dictionary
climatology — noun Date: 1842 the science that deals with climates and their phenomena • climatological adjective • climatologically adverb • climatologist noun … New Collegiate Dictionary
climatology — noun The science that deals with climates, and investigates their phenomena and causes … Wiktionary
climatology — The study of climate and its relation to disease. * * * cli·ma·tol·o·gy .klī mə täl ə jē n, pl gies the science that deals with climates and their phenomena cli·ma·to·log·i·cal .klī mət əl äj i kəl adj cli·ma·to·log·i·cal·ly k(ə )lē … Medical dictionary
climatology — Synonyms and related words: aerial photography, aeroballistics, aerodynamics, aerogeology, aerography, aerology, aeromechanics, aeromedicine, aerometry, aeronautical meteorology, aerophotography, aerophysics, aeroscopy, aerospace research,… … Moby Thesaurus