Clementine


Clementine
/klem"euhn tuyn', -teen'/; Fr. /kle mahonn teen"/, n.
a female given name: derived from Clement.
Also, Clementina /klem'euhn tee"neuh/.

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 robotic U.S. spacecraft that orbited and observed all regions of the Moon over a two-month period in 1994 for purposes of scientific research and in-space testing of equipment developed primarily for national defense. It carried out geologic mapping in greater detail than any previous lunar mission; some of its data hinted at the possibility that water exists as ice in craters at the Moon's south pole.

      Clementine, launched on January 25, 1994, was a joint project of the Department of Defense's Strategic Defense Initiative and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The ingenious mission design used the Moon as a “target” for testing various sensors and spacecraft components intended for ballistic-missile-defense applications and, in the process, returned a vast amount of scientific data. Its suite of remote-sensing instruments allowed imaging at various visible, ultraviolet, and infrared wavelengths (multispectral imaging); detailed topographic mapping by laser altimetry; and charged-particle measurements. Clementine's multispectral imagery was used to create global and regional maps of iron and titanium concentrations in lunar soil, and radar studies employing its radio transmitting equipment suggested that water might be present in the form of ice deposits in permanently shadowed craters near the lunar south pole. Measurements of perturbations in the motion of the spacecraft were used to map the lunar gravity field and its anomalies (see mascon). Clementine was originally intended to observe a near-Earth asteroid after leaving lunar orbit, but a spacecraft malfunction canceled that portion of the mission.

John M. Logsdon
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • clémentine — [ klemɑ̃tin ] n. f. • 1902; du nom du père Clément ♦ Fruit du clémentinier, voisin de la mandarine, à peau fine. Clémentine sans pépins. Clémentines d Espagne, de Corse. ● clémentine nom féminin (de Clément, nom propre) Fruit du clémentinier,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Clementine — oder Klementine steht für: Clementine (Vorname), ein weiblicher Vorname Clementine (Frucht), eine Zitruspflanze Clementine (Sonde), eine US amerikanische Raumsonde eine deutsche Ariel Werbefigur, siehe Johanna König (Schauspielerin) Clementine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Clementine — (Гармиш Партенкирхен,Германия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Höllentalstr 44, 82467 Гармиш Пар …   Каталог отелей

  • Clementine — может означать: Клементин (лат. Citrus clementina)  гибрид мандарина и апельсина  королька из подвида bigarage, созданный в 1902 году французским священником и селекционером отцом Клеманом Clementine  свободный… …   Википедия

  • clementine — (n.) cross between tangerine and sour orange, 1926, from Fr. clémentine (1902). Originally an accidental hybrid said to have been discovered by (and named for) Father Clement Rodier in the garden of his orphanage in Misserghin, near Oran, Algeria …   Etymology dictionary

  • Clementine — Clem ent*ine, a. Of or pertaining to Clement, esp. to St. Clement of Rome and the spurious homilies attributed to him, or to Pope Clement V. and his compilations of canon law. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Clementine — (v. lat., Taufname, die Sanfte, Geduldige), Caroline Leopoldine Clotilde, Prinzessin von Orleans, Tochter des verstorbenen Königs Ludwig Philipp, geb. am 3. Juni 1817 u. seit 20. April 1843 mit dem Herzog Angust von Sachsen Koburg Gotha vermählt …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Clementine — f English: feminine form of CLEMENT (SEE Clement), created with the French feminine diminutive suffix ine. The name was first used in the 19th century, and for a time it was very popular. It is now largely associated with the popular song with… …   First names dictionary

  • clementine — ► NOUN ▪ a deep orange red variety of tangerine grown around the Mediterranean and in South Africa. ORIGIN French, from the male given name Clément …   English terms dictionary

  • Clementine — [Clem΄entē′nəklem′ən tīn΄, klem′əntēn΄] n. [Fr < L Clemens: see CLEMENT1] a feminine name: also Clementina [Clem΄entē′nə] …   English World dictionary

  • Clémentine — This article is about the French TV series. For the French singer songwriter, see Clémentine (musician). For other uses, see Clementine (disambiguation). Clémentine (pronounced [klemɑ̃tin]) was a 1985 French animated television series (in co… …   Wikipedia


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