Clement XII


Clement XII
(Lorenzo Corsini)
1652-1740, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1730-40.

* * *

pope
original name  Lorenzo Corsini  
born April 7, 1652, Florence
died Feb. 6, 1740, Rome

      pope from 1730 to 1740.

      A member of the influential Florentine princely family of Corsini, he became papal ambassador to Vienna in 1691, cardinal deacon in 1706, and pope on July 12, 1730.

      Despite ill health and total blindness (from 1732), he sought to halt the decline of papal influence but was far from successful. Although his protests against the spread of Gallicanism (an essentially French doctrine advocating restriction of papal power) to Spain were fruitless, his enforcement of Pope Clement XI's bull Unigenitus of 1713 sustained the suppression of Jansenism (a heretical doctrine deemphasizing freedom of the will and teaching that redemption through Christ's death is open to some but not all).

      Clement aided large missionary enterprises, as exemplified in his sending Franciscans to Ethiopia, but he continued Clement XI's ban on the Chinese and Malabar rites—i.e., those Far Eastern ceremonies honouring Confucius and one's forefathers. In Rome he erected the Trevi fountain.

      On April 28, 1738, he promulgated his bull In Eminenti, which condemned Freemasonry, the beliefs and observances of which were considered pagan and unlawful by the Roman Catholic Church. The Masons were often hostile to the church, and Clement threatened to excommunicate any Catholic who joined.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Clement XII — Clément XII Clément XII Pape de l’Église catholique romaine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clément XII — Pape de l’Église catholique Nom de naissance Lorenzo Corsini …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clement XII —     Pope Clement XII     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Clement XII     (LORENZO CORSINI).     Born at Florence, 7 April, 1652; elected 12 July, 1730; died at Rome 6 February, 1740. The pontificate of the saintly Orsini pope, Benedict XIII, from… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Clement XII — (Lorenzo Corsini) 1652 1740, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1730 40 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Clement XII, Pope — • Reigned 1730 1740 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Clement XII — Clement XII Papacy began 12 July 1730 Papacy ended 6 February 1740 ( 100000000000000090000009 years, 100000000000002 …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Clement XII —     Pope Clement XII     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Clement XII     (LORENZO CORSINI).     Born at Florence, 7 April, 1652; elected 12 July, 1730; died at Rome 6 February, 1740. The pontificate of the saintly Orsini pope, Benedict XIII, from… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Liste des cardinaux créés par Clément XII — Le pape Clément XII a créé au cours de son pontificat (1730 1740), 35 cardinaux dans 15 consistoires : Sommaire 1 Créé le 14 août 1730 2 Créés le 2 octobre 1730 3 Créés …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clément (homonymie) — Clément Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Clément et Saint Clément. Clément est un nom propre qui peut désigner : Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clément (prénom) — Clément Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Clément et Saint Clément. Clément est un nom propre qui peut désigner : Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.