Ciskei


Ciskei
Ciskeian, adj., n.
/sis"kuy/, n.
a self-governing Bantu territory of South Africa on the Indian Ocean: granted independence in 1981 by South Africa, but not recognized by any other country as an independent state. 2,100,000; 3200 sq. mi. (8300 sq. km). Cap.: Bisho.

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Former black enclave, South Africa.

Inhabited principally by Xhosa-speaking peoples, it bordered the Indian Ocean and South Africa. In the late 18th century the Xhosa peoples living in the area came into conflict with European settlers; the ensuing wars resulted in the region's incorporation into the Cape Colony by the end of the 19th century. Ciskei became an administratively distinct territory within South Africa in 1961. In 1972 it was declared a self-governing black state, with its capital at Bisho. In 1981 it became nominally independent. Under the new South African constitution, it was reincorporated (1994) into South Africa as part of the new Eastern Cape province.

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▪ former republic, Africa
also called  Xhosa-ciskei, or Xosa-ciskei,  

      former republic (though never internationally recognized as such) and Bantustan that was inhabited principally by Xhosa-speaking people in southern Africa. It bordered the Indian Ocean on the southeast and was bounded by the Republic of South Africa on the southwest, northwest, and northeast. A fingerlike extension of South African territory on the northeast separated Ciskei from Transkei (another former Xhosa homeland that was declared independent by South Africa). Ciskei, which means “this side of the Kei,” reflected the republic's location south of the Great Kei River, as compared with Transkei (“across the Kei”) north of the river. The Great Fish River bounded Ciskei to the southwest.

      Repeated incursions by Xhosa peoples from the area into territory settled by European farmers began in the late 18th century. An ensuing series of wars, the Cape Frontier Wars, resulted in the complete incorporation of the Ciskei region into the Cape Colony by the end of the 19th century. Ciskei became an administratively distinct territory within South Africa in 1961 and acquired a legislative assembly and an executive council 10 years later. In 1972 Ciskei was declared a self-governing Bantustan, with its capital at Zwelitsha, and in 1981 it was declared an independent republic under an act passed by the South African Parliament. The new republic functioned as an official homeland for millions of Xhosa-speaking Africans in South Africa who were denied citizenship in that country under the laws of the apartheid system.

      Under the South African constitution that abolished the apartheid system, Ciskei was reincorporated into South Africa as part of newly created Eastern Cape province in 1994.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ciskei — 1981 – 1994 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ciskei — Ciskei,   ehemaliges Homeland, westlich des Great Kei River, in der früheren Kapprovinz der Republik Südafrika, 9 421 km2, etwa 678 000 Einwohner (vorwiegend Xhosa); Ciskei gehört seit 1994 zur südafrikanischen Provinz Ost Kap.   Geschichte:  … …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ciskei — anc. bantoustan de l Afrique du Sud (1959 1994, indépendant en 1981), dans la prov. du Cap; 12 075 km²; 800 000 hab.; cap. Bisho …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ciskei — [sis′kī΄] former black homeland in SE South Africa, on the Indian Ocean: granted independence in 1981, it was abolished in 1994 …   English World dictionary

  • Ciskei — Republic of Ciskei iRiphabliki ye Ciskei Bantustan ← …   Wikipedia

  • Ciskei — Flagge der Ciskei von 1977 bis 1994 Lage der Ciskei in Südafrika …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ciskei — IRiphabliki ye Ciskei República de Ciskei ← …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ciskei — ► Territorio autónomo bantú («bantustán») de la República de Sudáfrica, independiente desde 1981; 8 500 km2 y 728 441 h. Cap., Bisho. * * * Antiguo enclave para personas de raza negra en Sudáfrica. Habitado principalmente por pueblos que hablan… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ciskei — geographical name former black enclave in the Republic of South Africa capital Bisho; granted independence 1981; abolished 1994 • Ciskeian adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Ciskei — noun A former Bantustan in the southeast of South Africa, formed in 1961, declared independent in 1981, and reintegrated in 1993 …   Wiktionary


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